Behavior that interferes with everyday functioning but is notparticularly troublesome to an individual is said to fulfill which criterionfor defining abnormality?
risk to others
In Western societies most people do not walk around thestreets naked. This observation coincides with which definition for abnormalbehavior?
can vary from situationto situation.
The fact that some behaviors are acceptable in certain socialcontexts and not in others demonstrates that definitions for abnormal behavior
All of thepseudopatients were admitted.
David Rosenhan (1973) conducted a study that involved havingsubjects pose as patients seeking admission to mental hospitals, even thoughnone of the "pseudopatients" were mentally ill. Which of thefollowing happened?
In every instance shewas denied admission.
Which of the following statements best summarizes the resultsof Lauren Slater's recent attempt to replicate Rosenhan's"pseudopatient" study?
Melissa was involved in a serious car accident in which shesustained a head injury. Three months later, she is behaving in bizarre andhighly emotional ways. Melissa's change in behavior is most likely due to a
Andrea's family was killed by a series of tornadoes thatripped through her hometown. Andrea is now troubled by nightmares and intensesadness and anxiety. Andrea's behavior may be the result of a
The term used to describe the various circles of socialinfluence in the lives of people is
Wendy's doctor feels that her genetic predisposition and thestrain in her social relationships coupled with the recent death of her motherare factors that have interacted to produce a psychological breakdown. Thedoctor's explanation can be best described as
Cruelty, nonacceptance, and poor living conditions are seen ascentral causes of psychological disorders from which view?
Several news reports suggested that Pope John Paul II hadconducted a number of exorcisms during his tenure as Pope. These reportssuggest that in some cases the pontiff might explain abnormal behavior in termsof _____ causes.
The prehistoric practice of drilling holes in people's skullspresumably to cure psychological disorders is referred to as
Asylum reform was undertaken by William Tuke in __________.
Who is known as the founder of American psychiatry?
Who was primarily responsible for reform in American mentalinstitutions?
The psychoanalytic model had its origins in the hypnotictechniques developed by
Which approach sought explanations of abnormal behavior in theunconscious psychological processes?
Joan has suddenly become blind, yet physiological andneurological examinations have shown that nothing is physically wrong with her.Based on this information, what might Joan really be suffering from?
John hasbeen diagnosed as having Tourette's syndrome and conduct disorder. Tourette'ssyndrome and conduct disorder in this case are referred to as ______ disorders.
Clinicalpsychologists may have earned either a PhD or a(n)
Dr. Reedhas a PhD in clinical psychology and was trained in administering psychologicaltests. Dr. Davis has an MD with advanced training in treating psychologicaldisorders and can prescribe medications. Dr. Reed is a __________ and Dr. Davisis a __________.
Diagnosticand Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision.
Thepublication that contains descriptions of the various psychological disordersis called
It is associated with impairment in life.
A manarrives one hour late for work every day because he is compelled to read everystreet sign on the road to his workplace. Which of the following components ofa mental disorder is exemplified by his behavior?
the medical model
Whichmodel does DSM-IV-TR adhere to?
Jackbelieves he is Jesus Christ and that he can walk on water. He claims he hearsGod talking to him every morning at 3:00 a.m. In general terms, Jack seems tobe suffering from a
Clinicaldisorders are listed on which axis in a DSM-IV-TRdiagnosis?
Joey isdiagnosed as having mental retardation. Which DSM-IV-TR Axis would this diagnosis appear on?
Kathy wasdiagnosed with breast cancer 3 months ago and is now reporting feelings ofsevere depression. On what DSM-IV-TRAxis would the information about her medical condition be recorded?
the client's age
Mrs.Waltham is 75 years old and has been brought in for treatment by her daughter.Her daughter claims that the elderly woman has become forgetful and has startedfabricating stories about how she is a Bavarian princess and must return to herhomeland to help the king. The clinician automatically diagnoses Mrs. Walthamas having schizophrenia. The clinician has obviously ignored what informationin making this diagnosis?
Theprocess of ruling out possible alternative diagnoses is called
Robert hasa serious drinking problem, but his therapist feels that the drinking is aresult of Robert's constant bouts with depression. Based on this information,what would Robert's principle diagnosis be?
is an acceptable and culturally sanctionedresponse in his particular culture.
Mr. Kang,a recent immigrant from China, is extremely overwhelmed and distressed by theuntimely death of his wife. His co-workers are concerned about his mentalhealth because he believes he is in constant contact with her and can be seentalking to her on a regular basis. It is not likely that Mr. Kang would bediagnosed as having a mental disorder because his behavior
Donna'sclinician has requested that she undergo electroconvulsive therapy in anattempt to control her current, drastic suicidal impulses. What stage oftreatment is she in?
management of long-term goals
Roger isin the stage of therapy where he and his therapist are working on altering hislong-standing patterns of dependent behavior. What phase of therapy is Rogerin?
placement in a halfway house
Michelle,who is recovering from schizophrenia, is being released from the psychiatric hospitalbecause her symptoms are under control. Michelle's living skills, however, arestill inadequate since she has been institutionalized for quite some time. Whatwill her therapist most likely suggest?
a psychiatric hospital
James is aperson with schizophrenia and has delusions that the CIA is after him. Hebelieves that everyone on the street is trying to kill him and, as a matter of fact,he has been brought to a psychologist by the police after being arrested forassaulting an elderly woman on the street whom he claimed was trying to killhim. Assuming that testing reveals that he truly is psychotic and not faking,where would a psychologist recommend he be sent?
Dr. Romero is using a number of tests and techniques in anattempt to identify the factors that are influencing her client's functioning.Dr. Romero is engaging in a process more formally defined as
Dr. Thomas is trying to determine Ralph's reason for seekingtreatment by asking him a series of loosely structured, open-ended questions.What type of assessment technique is Dr. Thomas employing?
The procedure in which a clinician assesses a client's currentfunctioning in a variety of areas is called a(n)
Michelle reports that she washes her hands at least 86 times aday. This repetitive behavior pattern is brought on by touching money, andMichelle, unfortunately, is a bank teller. Michelle's hand-washing behaviorwould be described as
John sincerely believes that he is the Pope. John is sufferingfrom a delusion of
one's thoughts arebeing transmitted to others.
Delusions of thought broadcasting usually involve the ideathat
intensity of affect
All of Randy's emotional responses are strong regardless ofthe variety of his emotional expressions. Which of the following dimensionswould be most useful in describing Randy's responses?
Sandy often goes to comedy clubs to listen to stand-upcomedians, but instead of laughing she sobs uncontrollably when they telljokes. Sandy is demonstrating __________ affect.
Debbie is at a point where her mood is characterized by sadness,"blueness," and at times irritability. This mood often interfereswith her relationships with her co-workers. Debbie's mood would be characterizedas
Butch claims he hears a voice telling him to behave in crueland punishing ways towards his schoolmates. Butch may be experiencing
"I went out to dinner with a real winner who turned outto be a sinner since he told me I should be thinner." This is an example of
Donnie's dad has asked him to turn the radio off, and Donnieresponds by repeating, "Radio, radio, radio, radio." This repetitionis an example of
Shawna reports to her therapist that she always feels like sheis watching herself move throughout the day, like she is watching a movie. Shestates that she feels like she is outside of herself. Shawna is experiencing
"measurement ofthe mind."
Psychometrics literally means,
Connie is given the task of measuring the volume of water awading pool will hold. Unfortunately the instrument she chooses to accomplishthis task is a thermometer. This procedure is NOT a __________ measure ofvolume.
Samantha has persistent delusions that the CIA is trying tokill her. Based on this information, on which subscale of the MMPI-2 would shebe likely to score highly?
Pat's therapist is showing him various inkblots and asking himto tell her what he sees in each. Pat's therapist is administering the
the Thematic ApperceptionTest
Which projective test consists of stimuli that are a series ofblack-and-white ink drawings and photographs portraying people in a variety ofambiguous contexts?
Dr. Schwartz is requesting that his client keep a tally of thenumber of times per hour he says negative things to his wife. Which assessmenttechnique is Dr. Schwartz employing?
Dr. Blake is probing his client's dreams looking for possibleunconscious processes that may be linked to the client's current eatingdisorder. Dr. Blake's perspective appears to be __________ - oriented.
forgetting the name ofsomeone you dislike
Which of the following is an example of repression?
"Why are you so argumentative?" a teenage girl saysto her mother in the midst of a fight that was started by the girl. The girl isusing which defense mechanism?
Which perspective is based on the notion that human motivationis fueled by an inherent tendency to strive for self-fulfillment and meaning inlife?
Although Karen is an extremely competent and effectiveadministrator who gets along well with her subordinates and is well liked, shestill feels as though she is not doing a good job. In Rogers' terms Karen is ina state of
conditions of worth.
According to Rogers, the experience of a child who receiveslove only upon fulfillment of certain parental demands is referred to as
Dr. Ashad examines his clients' difficulties in terms of howthey are influenced by the people, institutions, and external forces aroundthem. Dr. Ashad is adopting a _____ perspective.
Maria's therapist is asking her to consider the ways in whichher mother treated her and how that treatment may have an impact on the ways inwhich Maria treats her own children today. Maria's clinician seems to beapplying a(n) _____ approach.
Which family approach focuses on the resolution of familyproblems with attention to power relationships within the family?
The proposal that people are born with a predisposition thatplaces them at risk for developing a psychological disorder is referred to as
What type of conditioning involves the connection between aneutral stimulus with a naturally evoking stimulus to produce an automaticreflexive response?
Jeremy continually gets drunk in a smoke-filled bar, where thejukebox always plays loud country music. Eventually, even before he startsdrinking in this bar, his speech gets slurred. The slurring of his speech inresponse to the smoke-filled room and the country music is a(n)
Rhonda's fear of dogs developed as a result of an attack by aGerman shepherd when she was young. She now shows this fear when she sees aDoberman pinscher. The fear of the Doberman demonstrates the phenomenon of
A mother coddles and reinforces a child every time he getsinjured or ill. According to the principles of operant conditioning it islikely that he will become a
Excesses of which neurotransmitter are related toschizophrenia, while diminished amounts are associated with Parkinson'sdisease?
The strengthening of a behavior that occurs as a result ofremoval of an unpleasant stimulus is referred to as
In order to relieve the pain of a headache, people take aspirinor some other pain reliever. This behavior is maintained by
Little Joey, by watching his father, has learned that drinkingalcohol is fun and it makes his father feel good. Now Joey wants to drink andis caught sneaking into the liquor cabinet. This illustrates the effects of
Ideas so deeply entrenched that an individual is not evenaware that they lead to disturbing feelings of unhappiness and discouragementare referred to by Beck as
Low levels of the neurotransmitter norepinephrine have beenassociated with which disorder?