Rasing the hyoid bone and stabilizing it in speaking and swallowing.
Innervation: Trgeminal N and facial N.
elevates and retracts hyoid bone. Elongates floor of mouth
Innervation: facial N
elevates hyoid and floor of mouth in swallowing and speaking
Innervation: V/3 myelohyoid N from aveolar N.
Pulls hyoid anterosuperly. shortens floor of mouth and widens pharynx
Innervation C1 hypoglossal N
Flexes head and neck
Innervation: C1 cervical plexus
Bend head forward and unilateral
Innervation: cercival plexus
bends and turns cervical column to the side. bends spin forward
Innervation: cervical and brachial plexus C2-C8
Sup- Posterior belly of digastrics
Med- superior belly of monihyoid
Innervation: cervical plexus
starts from left heart at aort
goes to ascending aorta (arch of aorta) and decending aorta
terminates at the right heart by superior and inferior venacavas
Volkman's ischemic contracture
Deep flexor paralysis
sutures of the skull
Primary- hayline cartilage between bones (epiphysial plates)
Ball and socket
Innervated by sciatic, femoral, obturator N
Has 5 ligaments
during skiing (caught-edge fall) in football (clipping): torn, tear medial ligament, and anterior cruciate ligament
Mainly in the knee joint. Surgical repair and removal of the torn parts (loose body) through arthroscopic surgery.
is used to heal damaged joint cartilage