E. environmental circumscription or resource concentration, increasing population,and warfare.
E. walls to protect against raids.
E. a chiefdom
E. the universal grammar.
E. speech in its social context.
E. are more interested in the rules that govern language than the actual use oflanguage in everyday life.
E. their capacity to follow one of the main lessons of applied anthropology, thatexternal inputs fit best when tailored properly to local settings.
E. culturally arbitrary, even though most people assume them to be based inbiology.
E. reliance on available natural resources for their subsistence, rather thancontrolling the reproduction of plants and animals.
E. a society's major productive resources, such as land and other naturalresources, labor, technology, and capital
E. are not part of the world market.
E. encroachment by gold miners and cattle ranchers.
E. the Yanomamis' leaders have been expelled by their own communities because ofaccusations of sorcery.
E. Big men do not keep the wealth they accumulate; instead, they redistribute itto create and maintain alliances with political supporters.
E. joins the work of many other anthropologists that cite the importance ofinformal processes of social control, including gossip and stigma.
E. freedom or autonomy in terms of disposing of one's labor and its fruits, andsocial power: control over the lives, labor, and produce of others.
E. the relative status of women is variable, depending on such factors as the typeof subsistence strategy employed, the importance of warfare, and the prevalenceof a domestic–public dichotomy.
E. contrary to expectations, the importance of kinship is growing in contemporarynations.
E. Some genealogical kin are considered to be relatives whereas others are not,and the rules underlying such considerations vary across cultures.
E. use the same term to describe MB and FB.
E. Parallel cousins are considered closer relatives than cross-cousins.
E. evidence that romantic love may be a universal, although romantic love andmarriage do not necessarily go together.
E. the type of marriage in which there is more than one wife
E. associated with social divisions within and between societies and nations.
E. Max Weber in his influential book The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit ofCapitalism (1904, 1958)
E. The state
E. criticized for being too sketchy and spontaneous to beconsidered art.
E. it has been suggested that the predisposition for music mayhave a genetic basis.
E. confirming Lévi-Strauss's analysis of myths around the world,these movies have many secondary cultural references that only culturedaudiences are able to perceive and appreciate.
E. Art is in a cultural sphere separate from politics andreligion.
E. people's ideas about proper family size are influenced as theysee, day after day, nuclear families smaller than the traditional ones in theirtown.
E. is characterized by the policy that environmental protectionand job safety are too important to be left unregulated.
E. is different from the one typically used in current U.S. politics, in which liberalis the opposite of conservative.
E. was a political movement and doctrine seeking to overthrowcapitalism and establish a form of communism such as that which prevailed inthe Soviet Union (the U.S.S.R.) from 1917 to 1991.
1. In which country do the Nuer live?
2. Who isresponsible for the various tasks involved in tending to cattle including thespreading of dung for fires?
3. What kind ofeconomic exchange takes place during Nuer marriage?
4) In the movie ‘The Nuer’ why does the man attempt to divorce hiswife?
5. In the movie ‘The Nuer’ why does the ghost of a man punish hisfamily?
1. Why do the Dani say they avenge killings?
What is the primary source of wealth among the Dani?
1. What do the Dani soak in brine to collect salt?
Which of the following is true about women’s preferences for man’sstatus?
a. Whenthey are the most likely to get pregnant.
1. According to the film, when did the first migrations to the NewWorld occur?
1. In what year did Sagan have the picture taken of Earth by Voyagerafter it had just passed Saturn?
a. . Apollo 17
The picture was taken after the spacecraft passed what planet?
B. How big are the sites in a given region?
C. Howmany people lived in a certain area?
D. Whatkinds of buildings existed in a given region?
E. Whereare the archaeological sites located?
suggestthat long periods of stasis (stability), during which species change little,are interrupted by evolutionary leaps.
Attemptsat human racial classification have typically used phenotypic traits like skincolor as markers of common ancestry, but many such traits do not reflect sharedgenetic material. Instead, they are often the result of different populationsbiologically adapting to similar environmental stressors in similar ways.
Which of the following is not a threat to endangered primates
A. Interspecies conflict
C. Capture for laboratory testing
D. Capture for pets
A. member of Australopithecus afarensis
B.3.3-million-year-old fossilized toddler was uncovered in northern Ethiopia's badlands along the Great Rift Valley.
C.complete, include a remarkably well preserved skull, milk teeth, tiny fingers, a torso, a foot, and a kneecap no bigger than a dried pea.
Dwalked upright on two legs but still retained an apelike upper body, including two complete shoulder blades similar to a gorilla's, so it could have been better at climbing than are humans.
A. Australopithecines had a higher incidence of rickets than genus Homo.
B. Australopithecines had smaller molars than genus Homo.
C. Australopithecines probably relied more on the use of tools than did the early Homo.
D. Australopithecus was the most geographically widespread of all hominin genera. bipedal
A. Australopithecus afarensis
B. Homo habilis
C. Homo erectus
E. Australopithecus africanus
suggest a rapid spread, by 1.77 m.y.a, of early Homo out of Africa and into Eurasia.
the suggestion of sophisticated cultural abilities typically associated with anatomically modern humans, not with a hominin with a chimplike brain and extremities.
A. growth in Homo's total population andgeographic range.
B. anincrease in the number of distinct tool types, reflecting functionalspecialization.
D. increasinglocal cultural diversity as people specialized in particular economicactivities.
E. increasingstandardization in tool manufacture.
expandedsignificantly, in large part due to Homo's increasing reliance oncultural means of adaptation.
mostlikely the Americas was settled by several colonists who came at differenttimes, perhaps by different routes, and had different physiques and geneticmarkers, which continue to be discovered and debated.
A. the shift to a broad-spectrum subsistence pattern atthe end of the Upper Paleolithic
B. theavailability of annual grasses with edible grains
D. populationincrease, leading people to try planting grasses in new ecological niches
E. favorablechanges in cultivated grains through artificial selection
thereis one line or path through which all societies have to evolve, and this pathinvolves specific stages that cannot be skipped, ending at the final stage ofcivilization.
Psychologistsstudy individuals, but anthropologists study individuals as representative ofsomething more: a collective phenomenon that is more than the sum of its parts.
Humanminds have certain universal characteristics that originate in common featuresof the Homo sapiens brain and lead people everywhere to think similarlyregardless of their society or cultural background.