a situation in which two individuals with different characteristics are mated or crossed to each other, the offspring are referred to as hybrids.
a common method for predicting the outcome of simple genetic crosses.
states that two copies of a gene segregate from each other during gamete formation and during transmission from parent to offspring.
a protein that sense if a cell is in the proper condition to divide and prevents a cell from progressing through the cell cycle if it is not.
a unit of heredity that contributes to the characteristics or traits of an organism. At the molecular level, a gene is composed of organized sequences of DNA.
a variant form of a gene.
the physical location of a gene on a chromosome.
one or more prevalent alleles in a population.
a distinctive pair of chromosomes that are different in males and females.