Object fixating : we focus on the fact that the box is meant for holding tacks instead of just a holder for anything, and could be used to hold the candle.
There is a general intelligence with small mental abilities surrounding it
IQ is due to social factors because black people feel that they are less intelligent and looked down upon. So because they feel that way they do worse. When black people who don’t feel that way were tested, they did much better on IQ test. It depends on if they are outcasts.
Induction: an attempt to infer some new principle from a set of observations or facts that serve as clues
Verbal and ideational fluency
often ignoring basic logic, base rates