Assad and Juana believe in stimulating their new baby's senses by playing and singing to her. They also believe it is important to reinforce her curiosity and her attempts to interact with them verbally. It is MOST likely that Assad and Juana believe that _____ is the major contributor to their child's development.
Dr. Johan tends to believe in the _____ model of development, which says that changes occur at a relatively uniform pace. Dr. Ziback tends to believe in the _____ model, which says that there are periods of rapid and abrupt change – which are separated by periods of very little change.
This is a period of special sensitivity to specific types of learning. It also shapes the capacity for future development.
If a psychologist wanted to compare six-year-old and ten-year-old children on recognition memory performance, the psychologist would use the _____ method of data collection.
The _____ method of developmental data collection follows one person (or a single group of people) over time, and provides information about _____.
longitudinal; age changes
Differences in age groups that reflect factors unique to a specific age group, rather than being due to developmental changes, are called _____ effects.
_____ studies provide more in-depth developmental information.
Jeremy was born with serious heart, face, and finger deformities. He is also showing signs of delayed motor development and lowered intelligence. Jeremy is most likely suffering from _____.
fetal alcohol syndrome
Evidence supporting the role of maturation in motor development is provided by _____.
the universal progression from crawling to walking
Using Fantz's "looking chamber," researchers have found that infants prefer _____.
Primary aging _____.
refers to gradual and inevitable changes in physical and mental processes
Accommodation occurs when new information _____.
results in adjusting old or creating new schemas
If a child refers to a pig as a "doggie," that child is _____ the pig into an existing cognitive structure.
When a typist changes from a conventional typewriter to a word processor, his typing schema will have to _____ in order to incorporate the new techniques needed for the new equipment.
. Adolescent egocentrism is BEST characterized by _____.
a personal fable and an imaginary audience
Thomas believes he is uniquely invulnerable to the consequences of drinking and driving. His thinking reflects _____.
the personal fable
A strong emotional bond with special others that endures over time is called attachment. This can occur between a child and his/her:
all of the above**
Infants raised in impersonal or abusive surroundings suffer from a number of problems. These include:
_____ is a strong affectionate bond with special others that endures over time.
_____ is an innate form of learning within a critical period that involves attachment to the first, large moving object seen.
In Ainsworth's studies on infant attachment, the _____ infants show little emotion when the mother returns or departs.
Which of the following is NOT one of Baumrind's parenting styles?
In Ainsworth's studies on infant attachment, the _____ infants sought their mothers' comfort, while also squirming to get away when the mother returned to the room.
What conclusions can be drawn from infant-attachment and adult relationship studies?
Early attachment is likely to predict and influence adult relationship styles.
If a psychologist was interested in studying the stability of IQ scores over time, she should use the _____ method of data collection.
_____ effects are a major problem found in cross-sectional research.
An intense investment in one's own thoughts and feelings, which are believed to be unique, is MOST characteristic of _____.
a personal fable
This has been used as an independent variable in infant sensory-perceptual research.
a) Length of visual contact
b) Heart rate changes
c) Sucking rate changes
d) All of these options**