Surface Structure of Sentences (Chomsky)
Construction of the sentence structure
Deep Structure of Sentences (Chomsky)
Understanding the sentence.
The way language sounds.
The meaning of language
Arbitrariness of Units (Aspect of Language)
There is no connection between the sound of words and their meaning
Displacement (Aspect of Language)
Communication can occur without any stimulus needed.
Productivity (Aspect of Language)
There are infinite ways of describing something with language.
Dynamic (Aspect of Language)
Language is constantly changing and evolving.
Idea that language that is learned determines how we organize the world.
making assumptions based on representativeness
we make decisions based on salient situations
coming to a conclusion with bad information
making decision based on how the problem is presented
creative thinking that uses indirect methods
using a direct and quick path to reach solution
converging on a solution; not creative
thinking out the box; creative
Brining together parts that don’t normally come together
can consistently give the same results
idea that test is testing what is supposed to test
stuff we learned (facts, vocabulary)
ability to reason and learn new things (street smart)
problem with a solution that can be proven
problem with a solution that cannot be proven
Choosing with method or strategy to use.
Hints or general rules that help move individual toward goal.
focuses on planning, monitoring, reflection, and transfer.
focuses on developing, applying, and creating solutions
focuses on selecting and shaping the world and experiences.