2.Thesequence of steps that includes the image on the retina, changing the imageinto electrical signals, and neural processing is an example of _____processing.
Mariatook a drink from a container marked “milk.” Surprised, she quickly spit outthe liquid because it turned out the container was filled with orange juiceinstead. Maria likes orange juice, so why did she have such a negative reactionto it? Her response was most affected by
The maindifference between early and late selection models of attention is that in lateselection models, selection of stimuli for final processing doesn’t occur untilthe information is analyzed for
Accordingto Treisman’s “attenuation model,” which of the following would you expect tohave the highest threshold for most people?
a) The word“house”
b) Theirfirst name
c) The word“fire”
d) The word “platypus”
Jen has noidea what she just read in her text because she was thinking about how hungryshe is and what she is going to have for dinner. This is a real-world exampleof
Which ofthe following statements is FALSE?
a) There aremore rods than cones in the retina.
b) Rods are responsible for color vision.
c) The foveacontains only cones.
d) Coneswork best in high levels of illumination.
Which ofthe following has the lowest saliency?
a) a bologna sandwich
b) the OscarMeyer Weiner mobile
d) astampeding elephant
Which ofthe following is most closely associated with Treisman’s attenuation theory ofselective attention?
d) Dictionary unit
Which experimental resultcaused problems for Broadbent’s filter model of selective attention?
a) A result where listeners don’tnotice words presented up to 35 times in the unattended ear
b) A result where listeners can shadowa message presented in the attended ear
c) The result of Cherry’s experimentdemonstrating the cocktail party phenomenon
d) The result of the “DearAunt Jane” experiment
Which ofthe following statements is TRUE.
a) Bottom-up processing starts with sensory input.
b) Bottom-upprocessing uses prior knowledge
c) Top-downprocessing starts with sensory input.
d) Top-downprocessing has only a small effect on perception.
The conclusion fromthe experiment in which a chess master and a chess novice were asked toremember the positions of chess pieces on a chess board was that...
Atask with the instructions "Read the following words while repeating 'the,the, the' out loud, look away, and then write down the words you remember"would most likely be studying
____transforms new memories from a fragile state, in which they can be disrupted,to a more permanent state, in which they are resistant to disruption.
1)repeating it over and over.
2)linking the new word to a previously learned concept.
3)using it in a sentence.
4)thinking of its synonyms and antonyms.
Research shows that _____ does not improve readingcomprehension because it does not encourage elaborative processing of thematerial.
Jenkins and Russell presented a list of words like“chair, apple, dish, shoe, cherry, sofa” to participants. In a test,participants recalled the words in a different order than the order in whichthey were originally presented. This result occurred because of the
Experimental evidence suggesting that the standardmodel of consolidation needs to be revised are data that show that thehippocampus was activated during retrieval of ____ memories.