PC: There must be a fair probability that contraband or evidence of crime will be found in the area searched.
Particularity: The warrant must state w/ particularity the place to be searched and the things to be seized.
— Police may rely on hearsay and anonymous informant's tips that have been corroborated. Magistrate must be able to make a "common-sense practical" determination that probable cause exists based on a totality of the circumstances.
Felonies - when there is probable cause to believe arrestee has committed a felonyMisdemeanors - when committed in police presence
(a) Once invoked, POs must scrupulously honor it.(b) But PO may reinitiate after D invoke right to silence if: (i) wait significant amt of time, (ii) re-Mirandize him, and (iii) q's limited to a diff crime.
a. Jury trial- when the jury is sworn in
b. Bench trial- when the first witness is sworn
c. Guilty plea- when the court accepts the guilty plea unconditionally