c. 8000 BCE - 5000 BCE
:the shift from hunting and gathering to farming, led to specialization, surpluses, sedentary lifestyles and population increase.
c. 3000 BCE
: Metal working specialists replaced stone tools and weapons. Invention of writing and the wheel.
c. 2540 BCE
:Built during the "Old Kingdom." Egyptians used slaves to construct these tombs for their Pharohs.
c. 1000 BCE
:Iron tools made farming more efficient, led to population increase.
:the philosophy of life blends political, economic, and culture together and defines Asia today.
:Emperor Qin unified China through harsh rule based on legalist principles.
Julius Caesar's Assassination
:Caesar's death marks the end of the Roman Republic and the beginning of the Roman Empire.
:Christianity became the official religion of the Roman Empire, and eventually the largest of the world religions.
:Nomads helped bring down empires but they also transmitted goods and ideas along the trade routes.
:Byzantine Empire (eastern part of the Roman Empire) remained. This marks an early split between the East and the West.
:Year 1 in Muslim calendar. Muhammad's followers left Mecca for Medina.
Rapid spread of Islam
c. 750 CE
:by this date Islam had spread from the Indus river in the east to present day Spain (Iberian Peninsula) in the west.
:Represents the merging of the Germanic/Frank, Christian and Roman traditions that became European culture.
:Successful initially, but lead to the spread of eastern goods and ideas in Europe, not the recapturing of the "holy land."
:First used for fireworks but eventually was used for military purposes during the Song Dynasty.
:Mongols destroyed the city and never let it recover.
:this innovation eventually made castles obsolete and helped end the feudal period.
: The Black Death or Plague moved from Asia along trade routes opened during the Pax Mongolica period and arrived in Italy.
:the decision to stop state-sponsored long distance voyages marks the beginning of a period of Chinese isolation.
:the fall of Constantinople ended the Byzantine Empire and caused European merchants to search for an alternative route to the east.