Used to describe medical systems outside of biomedicine that have significant popular adherence. Most often used to describe practices in a complex society, especially the U.S. Complementary means fit together with....Alternative means another approach...Examples include chiropractic or osteopathic healing, faith healing, Ayuverdic healing, megavitamin therapies, special diets, herbal medicine, curanderismo
Also called voodoo or hoodoo in Southern American English. Refers to syncretic Haitian divination and healing traditions with roots in West African religious and healing practices, especially those of Yoruba of Nigeria, Congo, and Angola; combined with Catholic religious philosophies and practices.
Measurement of the human body. Examples include use of triceps skinfold thickness measurements to determine percentage of body fat and weight for age and weight for height measurements of children to determine degree of wasting or stunting, evidence of undernutrition; and body mass index (BMI), a measure of obesity.
The study of food in cultural context, often emphasizing the cultural meanings of food and diety. Often uses interpretations of qualitative data such as participant observation.
Cultivated food plants
Newly visible disease or syndrome caused by an unknown or newly identified pathogen, e.g. a virus or bacteria
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome, an emergine infectious disease caused by a previously unknown virus. First identified in Hong Kong (2003), but precise point of origin unknown.
Refers to "pro-birth" policies, usually of a national government (e.g. the former Soviet Union or USSR)
*An anthropological definition
*A sample definition from international economics
Conditions of loans by IMF, World Bank to developing countries, imposed as "austerity" measures. These usually include directions to privatize ownership of resources and infrastructure (e.g. natural resources, utilities, phone system, airlines), decrease the size of civil service/number of government employees, lift trade barriers (leading to freetrade and open markets), and decrease government spending on health and education
The application of anthropological perspectives and research methods to practical human problems and concerns. Covers a wide range of topics and applications, and all subfields of anthropology.