- Arab-Israeli conflict exam 2
Arab-Israeli conflict exam 2
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an int'l commitment to the human development of Palestine refugees: formed 1949 after the Arab Israeli war
- acquire knowledge and skills
- lead long and healthy lives
- achieve decent standards of living
- enjoy human rights to the fullest possible extent
-By 1962 the US was so impressed with Israel's technological advancements that they began to give Israel weapons
-Palestinian Liberation Organization, led by Yassir Arafat.
-Leading political & military force for Palestinian nationalism.
-Palestinians held raids & terrorist strikes to keep Israel from Occupied Territories.
-Invaded Lebanon, became major base.
- 1970: new militant group of PLO.
- 1972: kills 11 Israeli athletes at Munich Olympics.
- Hijacked European jet from Athens to Tel Aviv with 109 Jewish tourists.
- 24hrs later, Jewish troops carry out midnight raid and save all 109 hostages. "Operation Wrath of God"
- 1987:Black September hijacked plane full of Jewish tourist flying from Athens to Tel Aviv.
- Flew it to Etebbe, Uganda.
- 24hrs later Jewish special forces carried out midnight raid and saved all 109 hostages.
(conservative) right wing party, believe that Israel is entitled to take over all land controlled by the Jewish people in biblical times. Israeli conservative party that accelerates towards settlement movement. Party takes a forceful attitude towards Palestinians.
-Sprang in '67 after 6 day war, and made official in '74 after Yom Kippur War.
-Messianic and political movement committed to establishing Jewish settlements
-political organ., but religious in essence; stemmed from teachings of early religious Zionist figure, Rabbi Isaac Kook
-believed that spreading Judaism through as much of biblical Israel as possible would bring about coming of Messiah.
-third president of Egypt after death of Nasser in 1970
-not taken seriously by Israel even though continually threatened to launch offensive and take back Sinai.
-dismissed his soviet advisers and began mobilization of Egyptian army in spring of '73
-led Egyptians in Yom Kippur War
-signed peace agreement w/PM Menachim Begin (Camp David Accords '78)
-'82: Pal. Refugee camps in Lebanon; Israel had control of Beirut; conflict bet. Pals.; Muslims in Lebanese Civil War; Israel's Lebanon War
-Israel said would protect camps and not allow PLO military presence there, but once muslims killed Christian Pres. of Lebanon, Israel allowed Christian Lebanese Forces into camps b/c IDF was told they were there to search for PLO terrorists hiding among civilians.
-instead, Christians slaughtered bet. 700-3500 people
- Founded by Hassan al-Banna in 1928 as a reaction to British imperialism and influx of western values in Egypt - Greater Jihad
- built a society within society - benefits for supporters, but treated badly in 1960s-1970s under Nasser - many forced to recant after torture
- created a hard core group out of those who remained loyal
-'87 to '93: Pal. uprising against Israel's gain of disputed territories from 6 day war, led by PLO & Arafat. - violence spread on both sides, killing of civilians, Pals. attacking soldiers.
-led to emergence of Hamas; suicide bombings in '93.
-internat'l condemnation of Israel due to large #s Pals. deaths, however many were caused by other Pals. who they thought collaborated w/Israel.
-brought internat'l attention to Pal. cause as potential independent body.
flight that was bombed down in 1988
bomb placed by operatives based in libya
killed all 259 passengers on board
- Assumed to have been Palestinian operatives, though different Muslim groups took responsibility
- 1991, Spain hosting conference inviting Israel, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan and the Palestinians and sponsored by US and Soviet Union. PLO NOT INVITED represented by other Palestinian delegates. Madrid channel for the 1993 talks in Oslo Norway.
-secret negotiations bet. Israel and PLO began '93
-held in Oslo, Norway under the cover of a conference hosted by Fafo, a Norwegian social research inst.
-"Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements" (DOP) was not normal peace treaty; it was an agreement that set out specific steps to reach permanent solution to conflict &it established a 5 yr timetable over which to complete them.
-process by which Israel would transfer control of portions West Bank+Gaza to PLO.
-DOP addresses peace (briefly) in only two places
-majority of DOP focuses on 2 subjects: Israeli withdrawal + establishment of sovereign Arab institutions (elections, legislative council, police force, etc)
-DOP itself contains no explicit recognition of Israel's right to exist or to live in peace and does not renounce violence. Yet, Israel still initially accepted the agreement to withdraw from the territories.
Arafat never amended cov. or tried to reounce/reduce terr. (actually called for more terrorism).
-2nd intifada (more Israelis killed by terr. since famous Rabin-Arafat shake than in any period of like duration in Israel history)
Accords called for withdrawal of IDF from parts of Pal territories and right of Pal self-government. Meant to lay foundations for a final peace, establishment of a Pal state.
- Islamic in Southern Lebanon. "Party of God".
- Sponsored by Iran.
- the legality or otherwise of the Israeli settlements in the Palestinian territories, and their annexation of East Jerusalem and the Israeli West Bank barrier;
- how legal borders should be decided between Israel and a Palestinian state;
- the legal status of the Palestinian refugees from the 1948 Arab-Israeli war and subsequently.
- Convened by President Clinton in July 2000
- Offered Arafat a large part of Gaza and the West Bankand shared sovereignty over the Temple Mount in Jerusalem
- Refused to make substantial concessions on the Palestine refuge situation for fear of jeopardizing its security and independence
- Either because of their ideological convictions or the potential American aide was not enough to mitigate their immediate risks over border control and water resources
- Unwilling to compromise over Jerusalem, the West Bank and Gaza, and the Palestinian refugees
- PM under Arafat
- Current President of PA (2005), Arafat's successor
- Lost Gaza elections in 2006, kicked out
- Chairman of PLO since 2004 on Fatah ticket
- pragmatist, pro peace, called for end of violence in 2nd Int.
- First to recognize Israel's R to E
Second Lebanon War. 1,000 lebanese dead, thousands injured and 1 million displaced. Hizbollah emerged claiming victory.
About this deck
Size: 45 flashcards