Stimson, Henry L. Decision to Use the Atomic Bomb, 2009, p1, 12p Great Neck Publishing
Us History paper note card
The action may have been necessary for the purpose of saving American lives. But it was not merely another episode in the long history of man's in humanity to man; and it was even more portentous than the final victory over Japan which quickly followed.
Even before August 6, Japan was hopelessly beaten. The only unresolved questions was whether she would continue a futile struggle and make us pay still further in lives and time, or whether her leaders would accept the inevitable and bow in defeat. The atomic bomb speeded their decision; but the strategic situation in the Pacific, especially our capture of Iwo Jima and Okinawa, which unlocked the gateways to Japan, was a decisive factor.
(Okinawa) The island was declared to be securely in our hands on June 21. Enemy casualties were estimated at 118,000, including some 10,000 prisoners. Our own casualties were heavy: Army, 3,761 killed, 14,415 wounded, and 236 missing; Navy, 4,907 killed and missing, 4,824 wounded; Marines, 2,573 killed and missing, 12,565 wounded.
…an unsuspecting human race into the Atomic Age this “greatest event of history” found California prepared to assume world leadership in research to exploit the unspeakable power in the atom for peace instead of war
Johnson, Paul E., and Woloch, Nancy. "United States History." Microsoft® Student 2007 [DVD]. Redmond, WA: Microsoft Corporation, 2006
Germany, Italy, and Japan had to surrender unconditionally, give up all conquered territory, and renounce the ideologies that spurred aggression
“1949: Atomic Energy" Microsoft® Student 2007 [DVD]. Redmond, WA: Microsoft Corporation, 2006.