Italy and France
1)de'Medici family had dance masters who taught the family and court how to dance through teachings and manuals.
2) ballroom dancing
3) mistakes got you kicked out
1) Gender roles
2) Respect for the woman thru reverance.
Dancing master to Catherine de'Medici
moved with her to France.
1) Invited other political leaders
2) allegory to greatness fo France
3) geometric patterns
4) theatrical and social - performance, giftgiving, social dancing.
1) enhanced glory of France
2) honored marriage of Duc de Joveuse to half-sister of Catherine de' Medici
3) triumph of good over evil.
4) politics- opposites repped. Jupiter= stable power. Circe=unpredictable power
1) Technical Virtuosity
2) dancing for an audience
3) twists of feet and wrists
4) allegory to reinforce divine right
5) men more important (women played by men)
1) King of France
2) brought ballet to a public theatre.
3) school for dance
1) Technical dancer
2) used men's embellishments
3) shortened skirts to show off skill
2) Grecian Tunics
3) Woman Choreographer
1) Louis XIV - 12 years old
2) Ballet full of darkness and dark creatures
3) Louis XIV appeared as the Sun
4) Allegory for "A new light for France" during the civil wars
5) Louis established as a god
France and England
1) narrative dance through movement alone. (expressive)
2) no text, allegory or poetry
3) French Revolution
1) Letters on Dancing and Ballets
2) Reforms on Ballet
1) Realism- everything relates to the dance
2) Nature- movement should be literally natural w/ no forced symmetry
3) Expressive dancing- no masks
4) Eliminated Paris Opera types- no making movement for dancers abilities
1) rise of middle class
2) political agenda- liberty and equality
3) patriotism and interest in other cultures
4) public dancing
5) more women in dance because men resembled the king and were thought to do more manly work.
1) cult of the ballerina
2) Ballet fashion
3) balletomanes (ballerina groupies)
4) Foyer de la danse (studio)
5) focus on men decreased
1) Combined technique and expression
2) La sylphide
3) ethereal, light
4) Christian (not sexy)
1) combined technique and expression
2) La sylphide
3) sensuous, earthy
4) more sensual and not christian
1) Dance masters moved from italy-France-Russia
2) Technical virtuosity and spectacle (32 fouettes)
3) shortened tutus and pointe shoes
5) ballet blanc
6) mime as narrative vehicle (allegory good vs. evil)
1) Nationalism and interest in other cultures.
2) Still have Ballet Blanc
1) Father of Classical Ballet
2) Nutcracker, Sleeping Beauty and Swan Lake
3) required pointe shoes and increased talent and popularity of ballerina
4) men return to stage
1) showoff dance
2) Man's variation
3) woman's variation
4) coda (man and woman)
1) techinical virtuosity (stay in attitude)
2) mime a lot
1) Catherine the Great wanted to bring monarchy back to dance.
2) Brought Ballet to Russia in the 1700s
1) very individualized.
2) personal expression
3) more women choreographers
4) dance is now and art form in the U.S. and there is more support for the arts.
1) poles in sleeves and choreographed for the "fabric"
2) made dances to represent natural obects (fire, rose, wind)
-movement manipulated the shape of the fabric
-stage lighting above below and on the sides of the stage.
-colors in lights (color wheel changer)
-gobos (slides in lights)
-"jewelbox effect" (whole stage dark and herself brightly lit)
1) rejected ballet
2) idealized Greek culture and wore Grecian tunics to dance in
3) freedom of women's body in movement
4) aesthetic barefoot dancing
5) inspired by nature
1) individual expression
2) connection of boddy and spirit
4) emotion induced by movement
5) all movement initiates from breath
6) not improvised
7) weightless quality but not gravity-defying
1) Created an American audience for dance.
2) to uplift and entertain
3) to capture the spirit of the culture prtrayed.
4) to create art
1) Capitalized on exoticism
3) egypt and india = love
2) creating new vocab
3) personal voice
4) willing to express the negative
5) audience is active
2) continuation of traditions
3) stock characters (irrelevant)
4) emphasis on the positive (everyone leaves happy)
5) audience is passive
1) To bring Russian art to the West (Paris)
2) to bring artists together in collaboration on a total work.
- Gesamtkunstwerk (works come togther- Russian artists working in France)
1) Expression more important than mechanics
2) brought in breath and freer expressive torso
1) movement must represent character
2) entire body must be expressive
3) all movements expressive and carry action forward (no mime)
4) costuming appropriate to character
1 Sylph vs. 2 Sylphs
2 acts vs. 1 Act
plot vs. no plot
upright vs. moving torso
1) Began as a dancer with the best leaps and very good technical virtuosity.
2) innovator as a choreographer.
1) Controversy because the movement was angular and 2-D
3) Disappointment in Nijinsky's performance because he only jumped once
4) Faun is on rock and falls in love with nymph who leaves and leaves her scarf with him. Dies on his rock with her scarf
1) Indians stomping (not traditional dance)
2) Sacrifice of a virgin
1) Polyrhythmic (many rhythms)
2) Polycentric (more than one focus)
3) curvilinear (curved paths)
4) Dimensional (depth and texture)
5) epic memory (dance of your ancestors)
6) holistic (seeing the big picture)
7) repetition (repeat to get bigger and faster)
8) Relaxed and waving torso with syncopated rhythm
1) stereotyped characters (white performers in blackface)
2) borrowing of black musical traditions mixed with comedy and Irish Jig
3) Thomas "Daddy" Rice = Jim Crow
4) Both black and white entertainers
1) broke away from stereotypes in movies and started having lead roles with Shirley Temple.
2) popularized stair dance
3) stressed clarity and neatness in his dancing sounds
1) virtuosic with feet
2) intricate taps.
1) Slaves danced in order to keep ties to their home land religion and beliefs.
2) drums banned by slave laws so beats were made by dancing
1) change was needed in the sense of urban conditions and suffrage for women.
2) women should exercise and stay fit. (no more sitting in the house or being a little fragile body)