1. According to Kant, it’s the ___________ the action not the _____________ the action that
determines the rightness and wrongness of the action.
Because desert is central to Kant's retributivist his view on punishment must be
According to Singer, eating meat of non-human animals would be morally justifiable
Produces more happiness and less pain than not doing so
According to the first formulation of Categorical Imperative (Universal Law formula)
We should never act on maxims that can't be justifiable by all rational agents
Which of the following formulas describes Kant's moral philosophy
None of the above
According to Kant freedom is
Ability to act for the sake of moral law
According to Singer the principle of equality requires
Never discounting arbitrarily the interests of any members of the Moral Community
Kant's moral theory is
A pregadist or attitude of bias towards members of one's own species
We determine a persons intention by specifying what?
Maxims for which he or she acted
An imperfect duty can be derived from Kant's first formulation of Categorical Imperative (Universal Law Theory) by showing that
The maxim of action places contradiction of will when universalized
According to Kant THINGS can be used as mere means to our ends but people cannot because
Unlike THINGS, people have dignity
Duties whose conditions of application are discretionary are
A Categorical Imperative is
Both A and C- (dictate reason and binding on all Rational Agents regardless of their ends)
A Hypothetical Imperative is
Both A and B- (dictate reason and only binding on us if we have certain ends)
All beings with interest are members of the Moral Community according to Singer, and the basis for having interests is
None of the above (sentience)
Prohibitions on acting in certain ways regardless of rightness or wrongness is called
According to Kant actions that have moral worth are
Both B and C- (motivated by respect for moral law and reveals a good will)
Gives the criminals what they deserve
According to Kant acting morally is not about aiming of some independent actions called ______, but rather they are called ________.
Teleological and deontological
According to Kant an attempt to universalize a maxim like "lying to get our of an action with a lying promise" contradicts with conception
The goodwill is the only ting good without justification.
According to Kant we determine rightness/wrongness of an action by empirical experiences.
Kant's second formulation of Categorical Imperative (formula of humanity), yields a perfect duty not to perform a perfect duty if that action is being used as a mere means.
Kant argues that our intentions for doing an action are irrelevant in determining if action was right or wrong.
All beings that are sentient and therefore member of the Moral Community according to Singer.
According to Kant, it is never morally acceptable to treat mere humans as mere means even if it increases happiness.
Singer argues that it is never justifiable to perform experiments on animals.
According to Kant, respect for moral law is a kind of inclination.
False (freedom allows to act against inclination)
According to Kant, non-human animals are members of the Moral Community and therefore we have a direct duty not to harm them.