List three factors that caused a crisis in the newspaper industry in 2008-2009
o Starting in 19th century, there were printing and postal subsidies aimed at expanding quality, quantity and range of journalism
o Govt subsidies foster democracy through foundation and growth
o Macarthur and Eisenhower instituted lavish subsidies after WWII to spawn an independent press in both nations in Germany and Japan- stable economy requires diverse news media
John Milton’s famous quote from Areopagitica & its implications
If the statements in question concern a criminal offense, a loathsome disease, a female’s unchastity, or matter harming a person’s business, trade, profession or office. When any of these types are involved, damage to plaintiff’s rep is presumed.
Disclosure of embarrassing private life facts
Intrusion on someone private affairs
If you promise to perform some act or to abstain from performing an act, then you are obliged to perform that act or to abstain from the act (telling truth, not lying)
Laura and Jim traveled around from Las Vegas to Georgia in an RV, blogging about the nice employees they met. Blog noted they were sponsored by an org called Working Families for Wal-mart, but what was not disclosed was that the pr firm, Edelman, funded this org and paid for the entire trip.
Ethical issue: disclosing identity
Moral Behavior: Truthfulness &Transparency, Authenticity, Respect, Equity and Social Responsibility
Journalists from El Nuevo Herald were taking payments from the government for programs on Radio Marti and TV Marti
-Conflict of interest, shows that taking payments violates a “sacred trust” with the public, independent action
Journalist for NYT who was caught for plagiarism, deceit, and fiction in his stories. Sent to Washington yet his stories appeared from many other states and were claimed to be “disturbingly similar” to another paper’s editor. Everyone expected he was not legit, but no one talked about it within org.
Journalists have an obligation to exercise their personal conscience. Each journalist must have a personal sense of ethics and responsibility- a moral compass
Managers and owners have to create an open newsroom, an environment that is essential to fulfilling the principles. A newsroom in which all can bring their diverse viewpoints. It will be harder to run newsroom.
Station that hired Jerry Springer, Carol was very upset and protested and ended up quitting. Shows standing up for own morals
Dialogue in the newsroom: Washington Post publishing the Pentagon papers was one of the best decisions ever made and came to be through thorough discussion of ethics and moral dilemma in newsroom, obligation to readers not to politicians
“A Citizen’s Bill of Rights and Responsibilities”: Truthfulness
“A Citizen’s Bill of Rights and Responsibilities”: Loyalty to Citizens
“A Citizen’s Bill of Rights and Responsibilities”: Independence
“A Citizen’s Bill of Rights and Responsibilities”: Monitoring Power
“A Citizen’s Bill of Rights and Responsibilities”: Public Forum