1. Problem Statement
2. Site Inventory & Analysis (Site planning and identifying opportunities or limitations,)
3. Formulation of Alternative Solutions.
4. Choice of Solution
6. Project Evaluation
Elements: line, form, color, pattern/texture, sound, light/shadow, mass.
Basic Unites that make up composition
Principles: scale, proportion, balance, rhythm, unity/harmony, contrast, hierarchy.
Princles are how design elements are organized
Limitations: 3-10' conversational range, 40' facial expressions, 80' recognizing a face, 450' actionable space
The human field of view can only see 30 deg. up and 90 deg left and right
Universal Design is allowing every type of person; race, age, handicap, gender, height, etc. to access and use a space.
Flexibility in use
Ease of use
Tolerance for error
Low physical effor
Appropriate size & space
Covert is including areas for "people watching"
Overt is creating areas for people to socialize and gather.
Strategies for designing successful public place
Capable to recycle waste
1. Define Problem
Approaches to natural landscaping
Artistic understanding, Ecological understanding, Nature inspirations.
1. spectacular setting
2. experience of place
4. Create edge & boundaries
5. Regional community
6. Transportation improvements.
Had a certain size to things and was usually on the human scale. Higher places were usually sacred. Created the first grid iron street system.
Grand Scale of buildings and places. Incorporated arches and were the fist to use cement. Created major and minor streets. Great engineers.
Botanical Gardens- grouped with same family of plants
Aesthetic Gardens- look good
Horticulture- ecologically friendly
Specialty- specific purpose
3 Periods of zoos
Animals Behind bars- didnt think of animals as living. No concern for health.
zoos as art galleries- created 3-D sculpture and art. Some concern
zoos as place for conservation & education-Concern for mental & physical, real life habitats.
North American Prarie
South American Rainforest
Based on Geography
Golf Course Design Process
1. meets with client
2. visits site
3. study topographic maps.
4. create concept plans
5. walk concepts in field
6. prepare design plans
7. Assist with construction bid.
Do evaluation and check design to make sure it works
Memorials & Monuments