This theory focuses on the learning that occurs within a social context.
It considers that people learn from one another. Includes concepts such as:
modeling, imitation and observational learning.
Four general principles of this theory?
Theory proposes that both reinforcement & punishment have indirect effects on learning.
Reinforcemnt. & punishmnt. influences extent of behavior that has been learned.
Expectation of reinforcemnt promotes learning through cognitive process
We don't usually change unless there is a positive reinforcement.
There has to be an outcome
ie - the teacher tells you something is NOT on the test - you then won't study it.
Learning without performance - learning through imitation and observation.
Attention is critical factor in learning
Expectations form about consequences
Reciprocal causation - person, behavior & environment have influence
Modeling is important
demonstration of math problem
someone seen acting bravely in a fearful situation
moral judgements regarding right and wrong can in part develop through modeling
Attention - Person must first pay attention to the model
Retention - Observer must be able to remember the observed behavior
Motor Reproduction - Ability to replicate the behavior
Motivation - Learners must want to demonstrate what they learn
Modeling teaches new behavior
Modeling influences the frequency of previously learned behaviors
Modeling my encourage previously forbidden behavior
Modeling increases the frequency of similiar behaviors.
What is Self Regulation?
Setting standards and goals