The knowledge, rules, traditions, and attitudes that guide behavior in a particular group of people represent the __________ of that group.
Aronson and Fried identified "a social predicament rooted in the prevailing American image of African-Americans as intellectually inferior" as being a _______.
Individuals who speak two languages are said to be ___________.
Dialects can influence pronunciation, which can lead to _____________.
Dividing a problem into a number of intermediate goals and then identifying a means of solving each subgoal is called _________________.
The inability to recognize unconventional uses of familiar objects represents a barrier to problem solving that is referred to as ________________________.
Creative work is original, appropriate, and ____________.
The spontaneous, automatic transfer of highly practiced skills is called ______________ transfer.
Compared to the behavioristic orientation, the cognitive perspective recognizes people as what type of learners?
In the cognitive approach to learning, learning...
attention is necessary if children are to remember information.
Top-down processing is distinguished by its reliance on a(n)
What you are thinking about right now is being held in what type of memory?
A script is viewed by cognitive theorists as useful
in directing everyday activities in different situations.
how completely the initial learning was accomplished.
According to Woolfolk, the basic purpose of mnemonic aids is to
Information may be lost from working memory by decay or
The guided inquiry model developed by Magnusson, Palincsar, and their colleagues involves both firsthand investigations and
Martha strongly believes that the world was in fact flat prior to Christopher Columbus's journal of the world. Martha's teacher does not correct Martha's construction of this knowledge because she wants to validate Martha's current understanding of the world. In this example, the teacher is most aligned with
constructivist teaching perspectives.
In the Key School (Indianapolis, Indiana), students of different ages work side by side in a "pod" as part of a program called cognitive
If a cooperative learning group is functioning at a high level and support each other, they are said to have ____________
The role of the in a cooperative learning group is to explain concepts when needed.
Determine whether his deficiency needs are met.
In Maslow's hierarchy, self-esteem is considered to be what type of need?
Maslow's hierarchy of needs has been criticized because
is attempting to acquire understanding of how the different theorems work.
As Jim looks at his report card, he remarks to Judy, "I got that B because I really didn't work hard in
Mr. Wedell's calculus class." According to Weiner, Jim is attributing the cause of his grade to causes that are
zero if either expectation to succeed or the perceived value of a goal is zero.
In expectancy x value theory, the two sources of motivation are
projected future outcomes and the value of goals.
of his early childhood reinforcement history.
Individuals are naturally motivated to learn by
Which one of the following quotes exemplifies a learning or mastery goal?
"Accomplishing this should make me better prepared for Biology 101."
An entity view of ability is consistent with what type of goals?
Incremental view of ability
Students who demonstrate "learned helplessness" are likely to
Drive for achievement and an incremental view of ability
What type of belief do failure-accepting students have?
Ms. Kirkendall wants to help students develop more positive self-perceptions. What approach is recommended for her to use?
Students whose sense of self-worth and self-efficacy deteriorate become students.
Students who focus on learning goals because they value achievement and see their ability as being improvable are said to be students.