Someone who can influence others and who has managerial authority.
The process of leading a group and influencing that group to achieve its goals.
Theories that isolate characteristics (traits) that differentiate leaders from nonleaders.
Theories that isolate behaviors that differentiate effective leaders from ineffective leaders.
A leader who centralizes authority, dictates work methods, makes unilateral decisions and limits employee participation.
A leader who involves employees in decision making, delegates authority, encourages participation in deciding work methods and uses feedback to coach employees.
A leader who generally gives employees complete freedom to make decisions and to complete their work however they see fit.
The extent to which a leader defines and structures his or her role and the roles of employees to attain goals.
The extent to which a leader has job relationships characterized by mutual trust, respect for employees' ideas, and regard for their feelings.
a leader who emphasizes the people aspects.
A leader who emphasizes the technical or task aspects.
A two-dimentional grid for appraising leadership styles.
Leadership theory that proposes that effective group performance depends on the proper match between a leader's style and the degree to which the situation allowed the leader to control and influence.
A questionaire that measures whether a leader was task or relationship oriented.
A leadership contingency theory that focuses on followers' readiness.
The extent to which people have the ability and willingness to accomplish a specific task.
A leadership contingency theory that is based on a sequential set of rules for determining how much participation a leader uses in decision making according to different types of situations.
A leadership theory that says the leader's job is to assist followers in attaining their goals and to provide direction or support needed to ensure that their goals are compatible with the organization's or group's goals.
Leaders who lead primarily by using social exchanges (or transactions).
Leaders who stimulate and inspire (transform) followers to achieve extraordinary outcomes.
Enthusiastic, self-confident leaders whose personalities and actions influence people to behave in certain ways.
The ability to create and articulate a realistic, credible and attractive vision of the future that improves an the present situation.
The act of increasing the decision-making discretion of workers.
The degree to which followers perceive someone as honest, competent and able to inspire.
The belief in the integrity, character and ability of a leader.