uncompleted railroad during colonization of africa (connecting poles of africa). responsible - cecil rose
new empiralism (tied to nationalism)
captain chris baldrey
"return of the soldier" new technology of weaponry affecting the return of soliders, shell shocked
part of "the lost generation"
women made supplies for the war, hands turned yellow from ammunition+other things while working in factories
women had power/say in the war
3 different ports.
rum, molasses and slaves were traded between africa, england and carribean islands, mostly sent to england for consumption
slavery is commercialized
symbol of revolution
working class revolt in paris
mass exectution state inflicted
22,000+ people dead
shows the power of symbols as a mean for change
symbolize revolution (inc french)
1848, 1917, 1968
started in french revolution to prevent soldiers from entering to break it up
basis for government supported education in france
government controlled free education to rule out religious aspects
new ideas of liberalism
responsible for firing squads
disregarded generals orders
part of "final solution"
government apporved ethnic cleansing
organized attacks on civilians primarily poland and russian
under the ss
during time of imperialism. in competition over new lands
purpose was to regulate european colonization of africa
make it difficult to control new land
did opposite made countries realize only so much to claim so rushed to beat others for land in africa
leads to explorers and soldiers to become heroes claiming land for country
sports arena outside of paris where jews were taken developped schools, etc
germans took nearly 70,000, less then 2,500 return
was controlled by french police until nazi overtook it
showed true scale of the holocaust and how it occurred over many nations
translates to freedom of information
one of gorbachev's reforms
1980's russia opened up and shared more to the public
changed government due to peoples criticisms/opinions
significance - showed people growing freedom in communist govt
british and french troops pushed to beaches in ww1
british ships came to evacuate british not french
200,000 british saved, 150,000 french left behind became german pow's
british - victory (united and evacuated thousands)
french - betrayal (left french troops and left paris vulnerable)
created "lesser" viewpoint of others
treated other nations as less civilized, exotic, different
created distinction between "us" and "them"
explorers viewed as heroes and great nationalism rises
seen as a symbol of serbian patriotism and desire for independence in 19th century rise of nationalism under ottoman rule
returned to prominence during breakup of yugoslavia
airmail pilot who flew first solo non stop transatlantic flight from long island to paris. caused first "traffic jam" because he was seen as hero.
part of "american cultural invasion of Europe"
shows that technology can be used for good not killing
model of how conflicts are resolved.
thesis - gives rise to its reaction
antitheses - contradicts or negates thesis
synthesis - resolution of former two
works for any revolution where a govt makes a policy that doesnt agree with the population
supporter of charles darwin, believed people act for own self interest,
knows for survival of the fittest
applied natural selection to society "social darwinism"
pushed people to live freely with little govt involvement
beggining of holocaust
"night of broken glass"
hitler vilifying jews and preaching anti-semitism
people set out destroying jewish businesses, homes, synagogues, rounded up jews for concentration camps
term related to post ww1 cultural crisis where overwelming sense of loss among those who were slose to those killed in battle. Ammount of bright young men died before they were given an opportunity to make an impact on society, or those who came back and had trouble fitting into society.
brought along hedonism, happiness through pleasure (many include alcoholism)
worker riot resulting in 18 civilian deaths and one french national guard member.
over poor, overcrowded working conditions of the proletariat
thesis - poor conditions
antithesis - negative reation from workers
synthesis - first labor laws
stemming from industrial revolution, people moved to cities and became part of working class. led to poor, overcrowded conditions and long, hard hours.
led many to substance abuse and suicide, also removed individual and turned into "worker"
derived from netherlands throwing shoes into machines to stop cogs in response to lack of skill needed in industrial revolution
machines replacing skilled workers
rural area in france that saw resistance to french revolution
shows not everyone was in favor of the revolution
during february revolution in petrograd, women initiated a strike which shut down all industrial enterprises in the city due to lack of money and food to feed families.
released inmates from prison and tsar said to supress by force army declined due to many women in crowd, led to tsars abdication.
significance: power of society especially women who didnt have many rights