Conquest of Granada (1492)
Conquest of Melilla (1497)
Conquest of Oran (1509)
Conquest of Navarre (1512)
Arrival to the Americas (1492)
Isabel-Manuel of Portugal
Maria-Manuel of Portugal
Juan-Margaret of HRE
Juana-Philip of the HRE
Consejo Real (1480)
Consejo de Indias (1511)
Santa Hermandad (1476)-know the date!
The catholic monarchs have the right to appoint the leader, so Ferdinand appoints himself as Grandmaster.
Expulsion of the jews (1492)
Expulsion of the moriscoes (1502)
Control of the nobility (after the civil war of 1474-1479)
Rural vs. Urban populatio (growth of urban population)
Increase of the textile industry (wool!)
protection of industry
-Relgious wars in Germany (peace in 1555)-due to Martin Luthers 95 Thesis
-War with France: title of Emperor and Duke of Burgundy. He was both above and below the King of France. France was killing off the Lutherans in their country but aiding the ones who were fighting the Spanish in Germany.
-War with the Ottoman Empire: Empire (eastern mediterranean, muslims)
-Bankruptcy caused by war
-Raised taxes (comuneros) in Castilian cities, people revolt, but he puts down the revolts quickly with no mercy.
-increases revenue from the silver from the Americas
Consejo de Hacienda (1523)
Consejo de Etado (1526)
Consejo de Indias (1511/1524)
Spoke to his horse in german
spoke to women in french
spoke to god in castilian
-Building new palace, monastery, mausoleum (The Escorial)
-birth of Black legend and counter roformation
-married 4 times
obsessed with having a male heir
-married four times
Maria of Portugal
Mary I of England
Isabel of Valois (France)
Ana of Austria (HRE and his cousin)
----their son was Philip III
Was the former secretary to King Philip II, but ended up feeding his false information so that he would order the death of Escobo, Juan de Austrias secretary. Rumors begin flying about his death, and Perez blames it on the King and flees to Aragon, where Philip proceeds to send an army in after him, but they were too late and he escaped into France. The army leaves Aragon in 1593.
-continued the policies and institutions that his father created.
-moved th capital of the empire to madrid (well he moved, and the capital was wherever the king lived)
-gained some control from the nobility in aragon
He inherited all the problems his father had:
-wars with france (france attacks the IP to gain control)
Battle of San Quintin (1557)
Battle of Gravelines (1558)-on the day of St. Lawrence
Peace with France (1559)
Biggest empire in the eastern mediterranean, muslim empire. He creates a "Holy league" to fight the ottoman empire, defeats them in the Battle of Lepanto: destruction of Ottoman's Navy
-England: they sign a treaty because the new king James of scotland is catholic.
-Low countries: he reached peace with the dutch, and permitted dutch expansion in the americas and carribean.
-France: King of France was murdered, the new king wants peace, so Philip IV and princess Isabel of Borbon will marry.