a. April 9, 1830-May 8, 1904
b. Used multiple cameras to capture motion
c. Device for projecting motion pictures that pre-dated the flexible perforated film strip
d. Part of Galloping Horse (1878)
a. Invented my Thomas Edison in 1888.
b. Early motion picture exhibition device.
c. Designed for films to be viewed individually through the window of a cabinet
a. 1895-Held their first public screening of films which admission was charged.
b. Inventors of motion picture
a. Large, elaborately decorated movie theathers built between the 1910s and the 1940s.
b. Hundreds opening between 1925 and 1930.
c. 1914-First Movie palace
b. Vertical intergration
-Big five of the majors
1. MGM 2. 20th Century Fox
3. Warner Bros 4. RKO
- Little Three
3. United Artists
a. 1934-Production code began to be enforced by the Hays office
b. Star System
-Cops - Westerns
- Melodramas - Musicals
- War - Horror
a. Vertically integrated companies in a supply chain are united through a common owner.
b. From the early 1920s through the early 1950s, the American motion picture industry was dominated by five vertically integrated studios. They controlled every aspect of making pictures—producing them, distributing them around the nation and the world, and showing them in a large network of theaters that they controlled.
b. Studios were forced to sell their theaters.
c. Higher production costs, fewer movies made, lower quality of productions
a. Inexpensive fiction magainzes published from 1896 through the 1950s.
b. Printed on cheap wood pulp paper.
c. First "pulp" was considered Frank Munsey's Argosy Magazine in 1896.
a. FCC found that it placed many stations too close to each other resulting in interference.
b. Stopped giving out permits for new station licenses in Oct. 1948.
c. Ended on July 1, 1952
a. Theory explaining TV audience behavior
b. Viewers consume the medium of television rather than television shows