Political Science Exams 1 and 2
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a) the people in a district who are served by a representative.
The job of confirming presidential appointments belongs to the
a) is currently set at 435 members.
Redrawing congressional district boundaries to favor a particular group or party is known as
Leaders in Congress obtain their power from
The greatest importance of standing committees is that they
c) increase congressional power by allowing detailed analysis and modification of legislation.
Which of the following is the extremely powerful congressional committee that determines when debate on a bill will take place?
a) The House Rules Committee
When different versions of the same bill pass in the House and the Senate,
a) a conference committee is formed to bridge the gap between the bills.
Policy entrepreneurship is defined as the
c) practice among legislators of becoming expert leaders in specific policy areas.
d) attempts to end a Senate filibuster.
a) the House impeaches and the Senate puts the president on trial and removes the president from office.
What must Congress do for a bill to become law after a president has vetoed it?
c) Both houses of Congress must override the veto by a two-thirds majority vote in both chambers.
The Supreme Court has ruled that House districts
e) must adhere to the “one-citizen-one-vote” standard.
A representative who sought power within the House would likely want a seat on
d) die by inaction at the committee stage.
According to the textbook, presidents have difficulty surviving two terms in office and maintaining their popularity because
d) presidents have too little power to meet public expectations.
The president's cabinet is composed of the
b) appointees heading each department in the executive branch.
a) limit the president's ability to engage American forces in hostilities.
Pacts made by the president with another head of state that do not require Senate approval are called
e) The solicitor general
The cycle effect refers to the tendency for presidents to
a) experience predictable shifts in their popularity over the course of their presidency.
Compared to the modern president, the president envisioned by the framers was
The weakness in the presidential strategy of “going public” is that
d) presidents struggle to maintain a high enough approval rating to make the strategy work.
a) staff serve the president's interest, while cabinet members seek support for their policy initiatives.
According to James David Barber's typology of presidential personalities, which type of president is likely to perform best in office?
c) Active-positive presidents
The practice in which successful party candidates reward supporters with jobs or favors is known as
Which 1883 civil service reform required the hiring and promoting of civil servants to be based on merit, not patronage?
c) found in both the public and private sectors.
a) the principle that bureaucratic employees should be answerable to supervisors, all the way up the chain of command.
______ refers to bureaucrats' authority to use their own judgment in interpreting and carrying out the laws of Congress.
e) Bureaucratic discretion
The term "iron triangles" refers to the
c) phenomenon of members of interest groups, congressional committees, and bureaucratic agencies cooperating for mutual benefit.
An example of an independent regulatory board is the
c) Food and Drug Administration.
1) The bureaucracy engages in the lawmaking process
d) because Congress often passes very general laws that require clarification before they can be enforced.
1) The president’s most powerful weapons to control the bureaucracy are
c) his appointment power and his control of the budget.
The primary effect of sunshine laws has been to open the
b) policymaking process to the public.
____ law establishes the basic powers of and limitations on governmental institutions and the interrelationship of governmental institutions.
Because of Chief Justice John Marshall's ruling in Marbury v. Madison, thea. Court lost power to both the president and Congress
c) power of the Court vastly increased.
a) in twelve circuits covering the District of Columbia and geographical groupings of states.
Decisions of the U.S. Circuit Courts are made by
b) panels of three judges.
Senatorial courtesy refers to the
c) tradition of granting senators considerable influence over federal judicial appointments in their home states.
The Rule of Four refers to the number of
a) Supreme Court justices who must agree to grant a case certiorari in order for the case to be heard.
The term “amicus curiae” refers to
e) a "friend of the court" brief filed by interested parties to encourage the court to grant or deny certiorari or to urge it to decide a case in a particular way.
b) blacks are more likely to be arrested, more likely to go to jail, and get harsher sentences than whites.
"Stare decisis" is the Latin term that refers to the practice of relying on
b) to make it easier to ratify the Constitution.
The significance of Marbury v. Madison is that it
d) established judicial review.
Strict constructionists argue that there is no
d) constitutionally protected right to privacy.
The Rule of Four is significant to the balance of power among Supreme Court justices because it
a) gives some power to the minority on the Court.
About this deck
Size: 131 flashcards