1859 - suggested that animals evolved and changed
Inspired science to study animals to learn about humans
"the father of psychology"
1879 - first lab for studying humans
Showed that the mind CAN be measured scientifically
Break the human mind down into parts
Relied on inrospection
The structure of mental life
Harvard professor and none of the founders of American psychology
Published 1,400 page psych textbook
Each person perceives the world slightly differently
Interested in how the mind functions to help us adapt and survive
Tried to understand thinking as a changing stream rather than a series of "building blocks"
Objective observation of behavior
Little Albert - rats & pots and pans
"We are what we learn to be"
Wrote a book on child rearing/associated with learning theory
Observing relation between stimuli and responses
Impact of learning on human emotion
How we think & feel depends on connections & associations we have made
Studied animals almost exclusively
Our behavior is controlled by the consequences of our responses to stimuli
Mental events not needed to explain behavior
"The whole is greater than the sum of its parts."
Influenced the study of perception and personality
Interested in how personality develops, what can go wrong with it, and how to fix it.
Unconcious thoughts & desires influence behavior (sex and aggression)
Personality problems can be traced to first 5 or 6 years
Unconcious thoughts & desires influence behavior
Goal of psychology is to study unique aspects of the person (subjective); their potentials, problems, and ideals.
Reject determinism - - promote free will
Self-image - Your perception of your own body, personality, and capabilities
Self-actualization - Fully developing one's potentials & becoming the best person possible
When threating thoughts are unconciously held out of awareness (related to psychoanalytic psychology)
Conducted in order to identify cause-and-effect relationships
-Directly vary a condition you might think affects behavior
-Create two or more groups of subjects
-Record whether varying the condition (variables) has any effect on behavior
Condition(s) altered by the experimenter; experimenter sets their size, amout, or value; these are suspected cuases for behavioral differences
-"IF" in the hypothesis ("if"...then")
Demonstrates effects that independent variables have on behavior, the measure of change
-"THEN" in the hypothesis ("if...then")
1)Right to decline or withdraw
2)Open and honest about experiment (if able to)
3)Confidential about personal information
4)Risk assessment-physical or mental undesired consequences