What do psychodynamic therapists believe is the cause of unipolar depression?
unconscious grieving over real or imagined loss
At a suicide prevention center, you hear the following from the counselor: “Who can you think of who might be able to come over and stay with you for a few hours?” Which of the goals and techniques of suicide prevention does the quote best represent?
assessing and mobilizing the caller's resources
Ambivalent about dying, a man repeatedly played a dangerous game involving gas and a cigarette lighter. This is an example of what Shneidman refers to as a ______.
Munchausen syndrome by proxy is most likely to adversely affect the physical well-being of:
Stacey was out late at night when she came upon a group of men who appeared ready to attack her. She got scared and prepared to run. The part of her nervous system that was producing this reaction was the:
sympathetic nervous system.
The mood and thoughts of suicidal people are most often characterized as:
Disadvantages of taking benzodiazepines include all of the following except:
A state of breathless euphoria, or frenzied energy, in which people have an exaggerated belief in their power describes:
Benzodiazepines are believed to be effective in treating generalized anxiety disorder because they mimic the effect of ______ at certain receptor sites in the limbic system and hypothalamus.
Almost every night, Cara wakes up terrified and screaming for the boys to get off her. Two years later she still can't get the gang rape out of her mind. The fear, anxiety, and depression are ruining her life. This is an example of:
While walking through a forest during a rainstorm, 5-year-old Samir was almost struck by lightning. Today, as an adult, he is extremely afraid of trees. What is the conditioned stimulus in the example?
Which theory states that people develop generalized anxiety disorders because they failed to receive unconditional positive regard as children and evaluate themselves with conditions of worth?
Rogers's client-centered theory
One of the factors that is believed to account for differences in the suicide rates of different countries is:
Theorists who accept the “special process” view of hypnosis and dissociative disorders believe that:
people with dissociative disorders place themselves in internal trances.
A neurologist who was working with a person with obsessive-compulsive disorder would be suspicious of abnormality in what region of the brain?
The first step in treating people with dissociative identity disorder is typically to:
bond with the primary personality.
A person who frequently experiences terror attacks, and goes to the emergency room complaining of shortness of breath, rapid heart rate, and feelings of impending death, although nothing is medically wrong is experiencing:
a panic disorder.
A somatization disorder differs from a conversion disorder in that:
conversion disorders usually last less time.
Raphael was just outside the parking garage of the World Trade Center when the explosion occurred. At the time he was terrified and had visions of the building falling on him. Ever since the bombing he has had periods of anxiety and sleeplessness. This is an example of a:
posttraumatic stress disorder.
One distinction that DSM-IV-TR makes between acute stress disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder is based on:
how long the anxiety symptoms last.
If we ultimately find that people with unipolar depression have certain biochemical characteristics, certain cognitive characteristics, and certain life stressors, then we will have evidence:
that an interaction between factors causes depression.
Fear differs from anxiety in that:
fear is to a specific threat and anxiety is more general.
The person associated with developing a cognitive theory of depression based on negative and maladaptive thinking was:
Behaviorists believe that compulsive behavior:
The leading theories designed to explain suicide:
have received limited research support.
Imagine that researchers investigating panic disorder gave you a drug that caused you to hyperventilate and your heart to beat rapidly. You would have been given a(n):
biological challenge test.
About what percentage of people receiving treatment for depression are in dysfunctional relationships?
The reduction in activity of the immune system when a person is under stress is related to the activity of the neurotransmitter:
Modern studies suggest that the average number of subpersonalities in cases of multiple personality in women is about:
15, and is lower for men.
Panic disorder develops most often in:
The key emotions in mood disorders are:
sadness and euphoria.
Assume you have a friend who is a talented artist, and has occasional short-term hypomania. What is the best thing, in terms of being a creative, productive artist, that your friend could do?
Do nothing; sometimes, hypomania increases artistic creativity and productivity.
The therapy for generalized anxiety disorder developed by Albert Ellis is called:
Poor health is best described as a:
Which of the following is not an example of a biological treatment for depression?
You are asked to speak before a local elementary school's PTA about suicide attempts by the very young. You should be sure to mention that suicide attempts by the very young often come right after the very young have:
run away from home.
A cognitive theorist would be most likely to say which of the following about hysterical disorders?
The patient is otherwise unable to communicate difficult emotions.
One procedure used to treat phobic disorders involves having the therapist confront the feared object or situation while the fearful client observes. This is called:
A phobic person is taken to a snake-handling convention in order to actually confront snakes as part of desensitization training. This is an example of the ______ technique.
Combat veterans in a therapy group express a great deal of guilt and rage. Most likely, the veterans are in a:
A young woman believes that everything negative that happens to her is her own fault, that she ruins everything, and always will. The therapist diagnoses her as suffering from a learned helplessness-induced depression because she attributes negative events in her life to:
internal, global, stable factors.
Which of the following is true about the research on the effectiveness of cognitive therapy in treating unipolar depression?
It nearly eliminates depressive symptoms in 50-60% of the cases.
Crisis intervention techniques that work well with some groups of people may not work as well with other groups of people, raising concerns about:
Object relations therapists:
use psychodynamic techniques to help patients work through childhood relationship problems.
The experience of dizziness and general unspecified pain would be considered ______ symptoms of depression.
Second messengers are:
related to the action of lithium on neurotransmitters.
About how many deaths occur by suicide each year around the world?
According to Edwin Shneidman, people who commit suicide with clarity and commitment, yet who believe that they are simply facilitating a process that is already under way, are called:
People who are coping with severe pain by telling themselves that they can get through it by focusing on the end of the pain, and by remembering that they have gotten through it before, are most likely to have received which of the following therapies?
The defense mechanism that involves not “owning” one's unwanted thoughts, but believing that they are “foreign” intrusions is called:
The hormone most closely associated with the onset of seasonal affective disorder is:
In the most common type of dissociative amnesia, a person loses memory for: