§ Private corporation economy- power is increasingly concentrated in a small number of corporations
ú make critical decisions
· ex- issues of war and peace
ú make policies about things like poverty and shit
§ 2) Middle strata- civic associations
ú journalists, white collar employees?
ú They have n real influence
ú Limited interests- interests are restricted to what concerns them and them alone, what concerns there own works and lives
· Restricted things
§ 3) Mass society- faceless, unidentified, unorganized public
ú No strong interests, easily manipulated
ú ?Demise of the public?
§ Mass society
ú Lack of energy (enertia)
ú ?Mass media of distraction?
· It distracts from issues rather then focusing on them
§ The public/Democratic public sphere
ú This is the ideal situation
ú People should come together for public discussion and debate about the common good
ú Mass media should improve
· Should animate and enlarge this public discussion
ú People should be opinionated and involved
ú Almost the exact reveres of living in a mass society
§ 1) What is the structure of society as a whole?
ú EX- ask yourself if its capitalism or socialism?
ú EX- Who decides/power elite?
ú EX- Is there an emphasis on values and norms?
§ 2) where does society stand in terms of human history as a whole?
ú How does it relate to the past and present
ú Where does society stand in human history
§ 3) what kinds of people prevail in this society?
-The different ways that capital is distributed determines where you are in the social field
- the 2 things are volume of capital and composition of capital
o Institutions driven by power
§ EX- states, buracrocies
o Its about getting things done and functionality and impersonality
o All about strategic rationality
§ All about getting ahead in life
§ Dnt care about people around you only care about getting things done for your own sake
§ Success oriented rationality
· Life world (LW)
o Intersubjective/ shared understanding of the world values and norms
§ Ability to step into someone elss shoes
o Its about forging relations and face to face close relations
§ Not just success based relations
o Communicative rationality
§ Oriented towords understanding
§ Talk about things instead of just getting ahead in life
o This ^ is the ideal way of the world
§ 1) Displacement and Re-embedding
ú Displacement- movement/unsettling
ú Re-embedding- re-establishment
§ 2) Intimacy and impersonality
ú Impersonality- alienation
ú Intimacy- a transformation of our close relationships
§ 3)Expertise and re-appropriation
ú re-appropriation- everyday knowledge, taking back from experts
ú Expertise- specialized knowledge
§ 4) Privatism and engagement
ú Privatism- pasive
ú Engagement- activism, try and do something about stuf
- Anthony Giddens
o 1. Personal biography
§ oppression and resistance at the individual level
ú EX- abusive relationships- why do we stay in them
o 2. Group or community
§ cultural context in which experiences develop
§ Dominant groups ideologies inform African American women?s experiences
ú Main stream ideologies oppress African American women but the latter can also develop cultures of resistance
o 3. Social institutions-
§ family, schools, church, mass media
-4. question popular narratives. come up with a counter narrative to help understand history and society. Make sense of the past. Its also about gaining/learning from the past.
-5. There is a symbiotic relationship between the colonized and the colonizer. The colonized want to be colonized and the colonizer likes colonizing. Because of this postcolonialism is also about psychological resistance (becoming aware and acknowledging a this symbiotic relationship and then eventually becoming reflexive and critical and coming up with counter narratives.
- both agencey and structure (structure bc its from your social class and agencey bc its about how you interpret it)
- Tells you your taste and what you want (goals, choices and asperations)
- gives you a way to percieve/judge the outside world
- hard to brake out of
- past down from generation to generation
-rooted in class position (from matirial possetions)
-tells you how to act in everyday stuf