A group of laws, mostly bill of rights and 14th amendment, that protect us from unwanted government interference in our lives. What government can and can't do to us as individuals.
A group of laws in 14th amendment that limit what government can do to people based on group membership, also limit what we can do to each other.
Liberty-individuals, rights-groups. Different philosophical. Liberties-due process laws of 14th. Rights- equal protection clause
All Americans are entitles to “equal protection of the laws”. Government must prove a “compelling interest” in defining a group using these catagories. Has two parts-- due process and equal protection.
Idea that government must follow its own rules and regulations when dealing with citizens. Government does not have unlimited power. 14th amendments.
Goal is to separate church and state, to limit the influence of religion on government. Does this by saying no level of government may establish a specifc government favored religion, and may not favor any specific religion
Government may not tell you where to go to church or what to believe. May practice any religion you choose. Do not have to practice any religion if you do not choose.
Necessary for democracy, most important way we have to share about policy. May not forbid things from being printed in advance.
1st amendment protects the right of the people to assemble peaceably, while cities may require remits to use public grounds, but they cannot use their licensing power to supress free speech
May require permits for public ground t to be used
Cannot use permitting power to allow some groups to speak and do not let others speak.
Freedom from “unreasonable searches and seizures”.. Police cannot search a home without a warrant issued on probable cause
evidence that has been illegally seized may not be used against you in a court of law. Looking for drugs but find kiddie porn, cannot arrest for kiddie porn bc the warrant said they were looking for drugs.
Right to have a grand jury determine if there is enough evidence to prosecute, this has not been incorporated into the state governments by the 14th amendment. Double jeopardy. Self incrimination: Eminent Domain.
not mentioned in the constitution. Is an inherant right. Because we have these rights inherant in that is the idea that we have the right to our own life and how we want to live our life, based on that abortion is legal.
Any racial or ethnic group, women, homosexuals, skin heads, old and young people. Everybody but white, middle aged men.
Laws passed in the states after the civil war to prevent Blacks from having the same social rights and political participation as whites.
Citizenship for Asians was outlawed for a long time, laws preventing laborers building the railroad from bringing families over, etc. so disenfranchised them from voting so they wouldn't overturn that.
Reversed the doctrine of separate but equal. The case was about separate schools in Topeka. It was fought in Kansas because it was less racist than other parts of the country.
Segregation by law. Pretty much done away with
Occurs because of individual choices, where they want to live, what clubs they want to belong to, etc. very alive and well in our culture.
The majority of the public has been in favor of equality, but not in favor of AA. It has been seen as a method of discrimination against whites especially in schools. Members in the powerful or biggest racial group are discriminated against.
The role of the Courts and the Justice Department:
Arena most commonly used to fight discrimination.
Have to tell you your rights before they restrict you. Miranda rights.
They allow schools to use race (as long as it is not white) as qualification for admission. Race may not be determining criteria or only criteria.
Separate is not equal, once again. Cannot discriminate in public housing, accomodations, blah blah... does cover sexual orientation
The process of learning political attitudes and behaviors.
The values, attitudes and beliefs that are shared by groups across the country
Liberty, Equality of opportunity, equality before the law and democracy.
Mainly what you believe: Liberal vs Conservatives.
Family Religion, Schools Social Groups , Geographic region Peer Groups Political Condition, Events Exposure to the “marketplace of ideas”
State involvement with religion; nuclear weapons and energy; military intervention in other nations; aid to Isreal.
Someone gets to choose what stories get to go into the paper, will pick the one that will stimulate the most reader interest.
Setting the criteria for whether an issue is presented in a positive or negative light. This differs according to the media outlet (CNN v. FOX)
details of news gets portrayed in a particular way. Slant it in a particular way to ensure more people are happy. How they decide to say things.
Reason it is important bc we rely on media to let us know about government wrongdoing and issues that are important to us.
Rely on them for this. No other way of finding out whos running for office and what they stand for/
Strength and weakness is that it is not regulated. Have no way of being able to tell what is true. Do not rely on internet for accurate information on all websites, check is site is reliable.
to certain extent is hype. Not true that all media leans to left. All is biased one way. CNN..unbiased? No. Fox... unbiased? no.
How important the internet and TV broadcast has been in elections.
Don't hire ugly presidents bc we can actually see pictures of them now. Can manipulate media to their advantage, there was no reporting on personal lives on government officials.
Original investigative journalists to discover government wrongdoings. Ralph Nader and the automotive industry.
Sensational Journalism. Idea that edmia sources focus on scandal bc thats what public wants bc it sells papers.
Nationalism, negativity and scandal, approval of american economic system, infotainment