involves detecting and transmitting information about different kinds of energy. the sense organs and sensory receptors fall into several main classes based on te type of energy that is transmitted. the functions of these classes include photo reception - detection of light, mechanoreception - detection of pressure, vibration, and movement, preceived as touch, hearing, and equillibrium, chemoreception - detection of chemical stimuli, perceived as smell and taste.
a form of problem solving in which the organism developes a sudden insight into or understanding of a problem's solution.
Biological, cultural, psychological constraints.
Psychological (Dweck 2006) growth mindset students do better than fixed mindset. 1 Understand your intelligence and thinking skills are not fixed and can change. 2 Become passionate about learning and stretch your mind in challenging situations. 3 think about the growth mindsets of people you admire. 4 begin now.
the retention of information or experience over time as the result of three key processes 1. encoding 2. storage, and 3 retrieval.
Sensory memory/Short term memory/long term memory
Memory system that involves holding information from the world in its original sensory form for only an instant, not much longer than the brief time it is exposed to the visual, auditory, and other senses.
Two ways to improve short term memory.
Chunking involes grouping or packing information that exceeds the 7+2 memory span into higher order units that can be rememberedas single units.
Rehearsal conscious repetition of information
the memory process that occurs when information that was retained in memory comes out of storage
a special form of episodic memory, consisting of a person's recollections of his or her life experiences.
Level 1 life time periods Level 2 general events Level 3 event specific knowledge
an individuals mental age divided by chronological age multiplied by 100.