In the Gothic period, _________ assumed a new role of importance in art and architecture.
The Virgin Mary
The Baroque era was born in _________, at least in part as a reaction to the spread of Protestantism resulting from the _____________
The Dying Lioness from Nineveh is an example of ________, the most common art form in Assyria
Carved stone reliefs depicting war and hunting scenes.
As the Gothic period progressed, all of the following architectural innovations occurred except __________
Exterior walls appeared heavier.
The Yoruba from Nigeria make elaborate masks and headdresses for use in ceremonial performances known as _________, which combine music, dance, and fanciful costumes.
Considered a true Renaissance man, ________ excelled in engineering, the natural sciences, anatomy, music, and technological prototypes, not to mention creating some of the world’s best loved paintings.
Leonardo da Vinci
Much of ancient Egypt’s art and many of it’s monuments were, in one way or another, linked to ____
Death or worship of the dead.
The two most significant innovations in building design introduced by the Romans were the ____, which made construction of the Pantheon possible.
Arch and concrete.
Spain was one of the wealthiest European countries during the Baroque and lavishly supported the arts, at least partly due to ________
An influx of riches from the New World.
The San Vitale apse mosaic Justinian and Attendants is characterized by all of the following except_______
That Justinian is by far the largest figure.
All of Rembrandt’s paintings, drawings, and prints seem to focus on__________
Introspection and psychological situations.
One of the earliest and most famous “fertility” figurines from the Paleolithic period is the ______
Venus of Wilendorf
Which of the following statements concerning Diego Valazquez’s painting technique is false.
He favored idealized, classical figures.
For his bronze statue of David, the first life-size nude since classical times, Donatello chose ______ as a prototype.
An underdeveloped adolescent boy
Although the Mayans, Incas, and Aztexcs of Meso-America all made great advances in their civilizations prior to the arrival of the Spanish, they also all shared the practice of ________
The ancient Greeks considered themselves to be the center of the universe or “the measure of all things, “ a concept known as _______
Although no female artists are recorded in Greek art, the vase called women working wool ion a loom is evidence that ______ was an important art form for women.
In his creation of Adam scene from the Sistine Chapel ceiling, Michelangelo created the most _______ in the history of art as God reached out to spark life into Adam.
Dramatic negative space.
The great pyramids at Giza were built with massive blocks and _______
Surfaced with white limestone.
Which of the following was not a Baroque addition to St. Peter’s?
The Sistine Chapel
The term Labyrinthine well describes the huge, sprawling Palace at Knosso and the term comes from the myth of the _______
During the Renaissance period, there was a revival of all of the following except _____________
Spirituality and otherworldliness
The word ______ is derived from the French and means rebirth
Although the Cathedral of Notre-Dame de Paris was begun in the Early Gothic period, later modifications led to high gothic style developments such as the _______
Elimination of the triforium and use of flying buttresses.
In Jean-Honore Fragonard’s Happy Accidents of the Swing, all of the following are characteristics of the Rococo and depicted in the painting except. _______
Classically inspired facial features.
For the Paleolithic Hall of bulls cave painting, artists used all of the following techniques except ________
Painting with a bronze knife blade
As seen in Tintoretto’s The Last supper, his _________ anticipates the Baroque style.
Loose brushwork and dramatic white spotlighting.
During the ______ period of Greek art, an architectural format was developed that served as a model for all later Greek temples. The central room of the temple was known as a _______
During the classical period, _______ became the center of Greek art and culture under the dynamic statesman _________
In the late years of the Roman Empire, the realism and idealism that had characterized Roman figural sculpture was replaced by a ________
Delicacy and attention to detail.
The Islamic Great Mosque at Djenne in Mali is based on the model of Muhammad’s home in Medina and exhibits all of the following characteristics except ______
A single tower rising in the center of the structure.
The iconography of the stylized, doll-like figures on the Weighing of Souls tympanum from the Cathedral of Autun was intended to convey ________
Fear and repentance.
The massive dome of the Hagia Sophia appears to be light and graceful do to ______
Light filtering through arched windows at it’s base
Much of the art of the Hellenistic period, like the Dying Gaul, illustrates that period’s preoccupation with _____
High drama, unleashed passion, and theatrical excess.
The Neoclassical style is characterized y all of the following except ______
An emphasis on heightened moral standards.
In Robert Rauschenberg’s combine painting the Bed, he uses a ______ as his canvas
Quilt and pillow
In Constantin Brancusi’s sculptures, such as Bird in Space, he reached fro the essence of the subject by _____
Finding the simplest form that, along with title, would fire recognition in the viewer.
In his eroticized Two Women’s Torsos, Willem de Kooning combines biomorphic, organic shapes with harsh, jagged lines; however, we also see that he is one of the few Abstract expressionists who never completely surrendered ______ painting.
Fr4ancisco Goya, who was neither Neoclassicist nor Romantic, is best known for his _____ one of the most famous of which is the Third of May, 1808.
Graphic representation of man’s inhumanity to man
Hans Hoffman is considered a key post war transitional artist whose paintings, such as the golden wall, were influenced by _______
Fauvist coloring and Cubist design
Henri de Toulouse – Lautrec’s deformity led to an alienation from his family so he instead found a home in ______, as depicted in at the Moulin Rouge.
The cabarets, cafes, and bordellos of Paris
In Cuban artist Alexandre Arrechea’s Architectural Elements II, his primary theme seems to relate to _______
A sense of quiet desperation
The dissolution of surfaces and study of local color was central to______ art, which is dramatically evident in a series of canvases depicting ______ from a variety of angles, during different times of the day and seasons.
Claude Monet’s; Rouen Cathedral
Matthew Barney, considered by Stephen Holden of the NY Times to be “the most important artist of his generation, “ is best known for his Cremaster series of ________.
The works of Giorgio de Chirico, such as the Mystery and Melancholy of the Street, are characterized by all of the following except _________
Figures rendered in a realistic manner.
________ was an American Expatriate painter who spent most of her life in France primarily painting scenes of women and children
The Neo-Expressionists of the 1980s revived and embraced the gestural and experimentational methods of the Abstract Expressionists but they added the dimension of ________ to their work.
Narrative and content
The setting of Edouard Manet’s reclining nude figure of Olympia is a
Bordello of the Parisian demimonde
Like many of Arshile Gorky’s later paintings, The Liver is the cock’s comb is composed of unstable, organic shapes that remind us of _____________
What was modern about the “new” art of the late 18th century in France was it’s concept of _________. The first period of modern art to use planar recession was __________
Mark Rothko is renowned for his ___________
Large, hazy-edged color field rectangles
The American photographer ___________ first supported the development of abstract art in America by exhibiting moder European works alongside American art in his ___________
Edward Steichen; Little Gallery on 5th Ave.
Swiss artist Pipilotti Rist was the first artist to adapt a ______ aesthetic and her most common subject is ________
Music-video; her own nude body
In his _________, Vincent van Gogh’s vibrant colors, characteristic long, thin strokes and feverish application of paint creates an emotionalism that turns a sleepy town into a cosmic display.
The Die Brucke painter Emil Nolde painted Dance Around the Golden Calf, a lush, colorful, frenzied depictions of a _______
Biblical event related to the worshiping of an idol by the Israelites.
Mexican artist Enrique Chagoya has sketched portraits of world political figures cast in the roles of ___________
Snow white and the Seven Dwarfs
_________, once called the “most ambitious pieces of jewelry since the crown jewels,” is a diamond encrusted skull by British artist Damien Hirst.
For the Love of God
Indian artist Subodh Gupta’s Silk Route is composed entirely of __________
Jeff Koons used _________ to produce his highly polished Elephant sculpture.
Cubism was heavily influenced by Paul Cezanne in all but one of the following ways:
Intense interest in native African and Iberian sculpture.
In 1913, the groundbreaking ___________ was held in New York City and dominated by avant-garde European artists who would heavily influence subsequent American art. The most scandalous work at the exhibition was Marcel Duchamp’s __________, which was dismissed as a “pile of kindling wood.”
Armory show; Nude Descending a Staircase #2
Francis Bacon’s Head surrounded by sides of beef is a raw and distorted reworking of ___________.
Velazquez’s Pope Innocent X
Anselm Keifer’s paintings and monumental sculpture all reflect the heavy weight of his consciousness as a ________
Henri Matisse consolidated all of the following influences into his Fauvist canvases except __________
The stark realism of Courbet
In Umberto Boccioni’s Dynamism of a Soccer player, we see the _______obsession with illustrating images in perpetual motion.
In Wasily Kandinsky’s sketch I for composition VII, all of the following elements are found except _______
A mood of impending doom and despair.
Which of the following is not an example of globalization?
New York is the center of the world.
Gustave Courbet’s manifesto reads “To record the manners, ideas, and aspects of the age as I myself saw them – to be a man as well as a painter – in short to create a living art – that is my aim.” Courbet is considered the father of __________.
One major source of inspiration for Jean Michel Basquit’s art works was ________