Silver and Gold
Farming of the Great Plains
160 Acres Of Land Free
Farm For Five Years
open to attacks
Padded seats, heating, sleeping car
Cheyanne forced into barren area, they have to raid for food & supplie
John Evans ordes and attack, tells peaceful indians to head to fort lynch
Cheyanne go back to Sand Creek, fly white flag & amercan flag to show peace.
Chivington takes militia to Sand Creek, and attacks while they sleep.
Kill an mutilate 200-mostly woman and children
Military builds forts on trail andthe sioux become angry.
3 tribes use guerilla warfare.
DECEMBER 21ST 1866
crazy horse kills captin fetterman and entire company
Sioux promise to live on reservation
American Goverment will give supplies and proection.
Kiowa and Comanche refuse to move to reservation
Natives use guerilla warfare
Us Army moves al non-violent tribes to reservation and brutally kill all non-cooperating tribes
Civil War Hero
Sent to check Black Hills for gold & his reports lead to goldrush
1. underestimate enemy
2. troops were tired
3. splits troops
Many people against violence
thinks natives should assimilate and give up their ways and change to culture of the whites
"Americanize" the natives
Makes them desire property and farming
160 acres farming/ 320 acres for grazing
Native ways are backwards
They need to change to white values
1800: 15 Million Buffalo
1886: less than 600
Hurt indians way of life
The Sioux continued to face problems
They used the Ghost Dance hoping things will return to as they once were
American Army gets upset, they go to arrest Sitting Bull, but end up killing him- starts violence
7th Cavalry rounds up 350 Sioux & demand all their weapons. The open fire and kill over 300 unarmed Sioux and leave their bodies to freeze at Wounded Knee
Steel plow- used to break up tough soil without soil getting stuck to it (Steel was hard to get)
Barbed Wire- it was used to restrain cattle. protected where your land was. (you could get injured and tangled in it,
Harvester-a machine that harvests grain.
Water mill: uses a water wheel to drive a mechanical process
large, extremely successful farms.
Over-farming exausted the land
Crop prodution in drought years was poor
Cheap labor was hard to get