- Which of the following statements is/are correct?
- Igor goes into a supllement store and sees a product called carnitine in the weight loss section. When he goes home to do some research on it, he finds the following claim at a supplement website: "Carnitine plays an essential role in making fatty acids available for muscle tissue." HE can conclude from this that carnitine is, by definition, an essential nutrient.
- The new fried bologna biscuit from Hardees has 43 g of fat, 36 g of carbohydrates, and 17 g of protein. How many total calories does it have?
- Alberto and Salazar are talking about the results from their food diaries. Alberto learned from his that 25% of his calories were coming from alcohol. Salazar said he thought that didn't sound very healthy, to which Alberto replied, "Well it can be that bad since alcohol is a macronutrient after all." Which of the following is/are CORRECT concerning Alberto's response?
- Salazar learned from his food diary that 37% of his calories were coming fat and 25% from protein. Unlike his buddy Alberto, he had not had any alcohol while keeping his diary. Which of the following statements concerning his calorie distrubution is/are correct?
- A product called "Element Bars" are, according to its website, "made-to-order energy bars that are chockfull of tasty, whole ingredients." The ad further says that these bars are "guaranteed to put fuel in your tank." Which of the following words could be accurately substituted for the word "fuel" in that last statement?
- This level may increase the risk for chronic diseases
- This level is relatively common and is seen most frequently associated with fat intake.
- This level has specific, direct consequences.
- This level is usually not attainable with food alone.
- A web site offers you the opportunity to "prevent calcium deficiency and help promote strong bones!" implying that calcium deficiency causes osteoporosis. In fact, there are a wide variety of chronic diseases like osteoporosis for which vitamin and mineral deficiencies have been shown to have a direct, causal link.
- Igor is back in the supplement store. He is looking at a product that contains 10,000% of the DRI fo vitamin C. According to the store clerk, vitamin C at this level of intake has been shown to help stabilize blood glucose levels since it's hard to get this level from food he really should consider buying the product. If this were true, this would be:
- As compared to the original DRIs from the 1940s, the current DRIs:
- Which of the following is/are CORRECT regarding differences in studying chronic diseases as compared to deficiency diseases?
- Remember that the vitamin C supplement was examining provided 10,000% of the DRI per tablet. IF the DRI is 90 mg, how many milligrams of vitamin C were in each one?
- The UL for vitamin D is 50 mcg. Marty is taking a vitamin D supplement containing that amount per serving. From this we can conlude:
- Ike, who was very keen on the food diary assignment, kept his diary for close to 2 months (which unfortunately caused him to lose many points for handing it in late...). He realized as he was keeping it however that there were days when he hardly ate any fruits or vegetables, though there were also days when he drank a lot of juice or a ate a big salad. Having learned that these are the primary sources of vitamin C in the diet, he worried that the daily average that the computer printed out "hid" the reality of many days when his intake was actually very low. Which of the following is CORRECT regarding his concern?
- Martin is reading the food label to the right. Which of the following statements is CORRECT?
- As compared to the DRIs, the Dietary Guidelines are designed to be:
- As compared to the original Food Guide Pyramid, My Pyramid.gov:
- Which of the following would be an appropriate use of the %Daily Values on a food label?
- Otto just received the results from his food diary and has learned that his average daily intake of vitamin B-12 is 30% of the DRI. He can conclude from this that his intake:
- Karl created a sample menu using MyPyramid.gov in which he met the recommendations for each food group. He can be assured that his intake of the micronutrients will likewise be met.
- According to Gaston's food diary, he is consuming only 30% of his estimated calorie need. The most likely reason is:
- The best cooking method for nutrient retention is one that limits:
- Which of hte following statements is CORRECT?
- Foods are placed into their respective groups in the Pyramid based on their __ content:
- Which of the following descriptions is/are correctly matched to the aspect of MyPyramid.gov to which it corresponds?
- Shary is trying to lose fat but not lean muscle and so she does not want to simply evaluate her succes by the number on the scale. Which of the following would be the most accurate and the most practical way to track her progress?
- According to Joan's food diary she's consuming 120% of her DRI for iron, but just last week her doctor told her she is anemic. Which of the following is CORRECT?
- Read the following supplement promo: "If you are relying a daily supplement that only provides 100% of the DRI for the essential nutrients, then you are NOT getting enough," an article about supplement products claims. "The DRIs only represent the average level of need. If you want protection against the problems that we face today -- diabetes, heart disease, cancer -- then you need the high potency of our products. They have been shown in clinical trials to reduce the risk of all these killers." It claims that clinical trials have been used to demonstrate the product. Which of the following would be an accurate description of such a study?
- The promo article from above says that the DRIS only represent the "average level of need." Which of the following is CORRECT regarding that claim?
- Rene and Sally have just come back from their health care provider. Rene has found out that her blood levels of certain nutrients are extremely low while Sally has been told that she has low levels of certain nutrients in her hair. Meanwhile, Marco is getting ready to go to the doctor because he is worried about his dry skin, dry hair, and the fact that he is depressed all the time. Who among the three has the best "evidence" for poor nutritional status?
- This study can only show association.
- This study is particularly helpful when wanting to determine potential mechanisms
- This study may not have been done at the right time of life
- May only be looking at a risk factor as the endpoint, not the disease itself
- Assigns subjects randomly to groups to reduce the impact of collective lifestyle factors on study outcomes
- A testimonial or anecdotal evidence refers to the use of a product or program in the absence of a controlled experimental situation and must be viewed with caution because:
- Which of the following statements is CORRECT?
- Undesirably low levels of micronutrient intake (including those that would be classified as marginal) are uncommon in the US becausee we are, if anything, OVER rather than undernourished.
- Which of the following characteristics tend to catch the attention of the media when they are deciding what research findings to highlight?
- Which of the following statements concerning confounders (A-D) is INCORRECT
- Direct tests of diet-disease relationships should be the "last word" in determining the existence of a diet-disease relationship. In other words, if such a study finds no relationship then the question should be considered answered and no further research is necessary.
- The DRIs for fat and carbohydrate:
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