- used as a prison
- 3rd Estate thought of the Bastille as a symbol of tyranny (run by an absolute ruler/king)
- 3rd Estate stormed the prison, killing guards, and destroying the building by hand
A grim medieval fortress used as a prison for politcal and other prisoners.
On July 14, 1789, a crowd of nearly 800 Parisans gathered outside the prison and demanded weapons be stored there. The commander of the Bastille opened fire on the crowd. Many people were killed. The enraged mob broke through their defences and killed the commander and five guards. They released a handful of prisoners. The storming of the prison was a wake-up call to Louis XIV.