03-31 Badaruddin Tyabhji Be moderate in your demands Be just in your chritisism Be accurate in facts Be logical in conlclusion Rest assure that any propositions will be received with that benign characteristic Early Indian national congress ?moderates? ? aims, activities, methods The extremists ? criticism of moderates for their ?politics of mendicancy? Mendicancy was begging The ?Cambridge school? Moderates = ?in? Extermeists ?out? More important ? there may have been a social distinction between the moderates and the extremists Bhadralok Means gentleman Literally ? bharda ? lok ; lok ? man Educated Respectable 5) extremist= a romantic, emothional, idealized version of nationalism Cultural nationalism Drew inspiration form history and culutrual traditions Culturual traditions included some religious (hindu) traditions Religion is an essential part on culture Were educated and middle calss ppl Forms ? political writings, patriotic poetry, songs, novels, plays, etc. Viewing the country as a goddess and a mother Service for the motherland Nationalism or patriotism seemed like a religious devotion The invocation of history As a source of inspiration and pride Talking was more hindu metaphors Majority of Indian middle calss was hindu But not entire Downside ? a degree of alienation felt by Indian Muslims Extremists Not averse to use of violence to ?liberate? motherland Ideology leads to growth of ?revolutionary terrorist groups? Extremist program Boycott of British goods Development of indigenous industries Swadeshi Your own land Something made in your own land Bonfires of British cloth
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