Temporary, abrupt rate increases of at least 15 BPM above the baseline FHR that last less than 30 seconds.
Less than 6 BPM change in FHR from baseline for a 10 minute period. Typically caused by uteroplacental insufficiency, but can also be caused by maternal hypotension, cord compression and fetal hypoxia.
The normal bluish color of hands and feet of the newborn caused by sluggish peripheral circulation
The outcome of coping at a specific point in time
Technique in which IV fluid is infused into the amniotic cavity through an intrauterine pressure catheter.
Manual rupture of the amniotic membranes by the healthcare provider
Baseline Fetal Heart Rate
The average FHR that occurs for at least 2 minutes during a 10-minute period of time. Assessed when there are no uterine contractions. Baseline FHR should be 110-160 BPM.
Fluctuations, or constant changes in the baseline fetal heart rate within a 10-minute window.
Thick mucus mixed with pink or dark brown blood.
Condition in the neonate caused by hypothermia, in which the increased metabolic rate required to generate body heat causes increased respiratory rate and O2 consumption.
A dynamic process in which emotions and stress affect and influence each other; coping changes the relationship between the individual and the environment
When about 3-4cm of the fetal head is visible.
Decreases in the FHR
Opening (widening) of the cervix
A person whose only job is to support and encourage the woman in the task of giving birth
Thinning of the cervix
Changes in the FHR that are not associated with uterine contractions
Fetal heart rate (FHR) below 10 BPM for 10 minutes or longer.
Fetal heart rate greater than 160 BPM for 10 minutes or longer
Area where sutures meet (on the fetal head). "Soft spot."
Decreasesin the FHR that begin after the beginning of the contraction and do not return to the baseline FHR until after the contraction ends. Suggests that the placenta is not delivering enough O2 to the fetus (uteroplacental insuffciency).
Abdominal palpations used to determine fetal position
Describes how the fetus is oriented to the mother's spine.
Longitudinal - most common - fetus is parallel to spine
Transverse - fetus is perpendicular to spine
Oblique - fetus is between longitudinal and transverse
Occurs when there is an over 25 BPM fluctuation over the FHR baseline and can indicate cord prolapse or maternal hypotension
The changing of the shape of the fetal head as it passes through the pelvis.
Neutral Thermal Environment
Environment for the neonate in which heat loss is minimal and O2 consumption needs are the lowest.
Test performed on the mother to determine whether membranes have ruptured. Nitrazine paper is a type of pH paper that turns dark blue or dark blue-green in the presence of amniotic fluid
A term to describe a situation in which the umbilical cord is wrapped around the fetuses neck
Acute conjunctivitis in the newborn caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae
Temporary changes in the baseline fetal heart rate associated with uterine contractions
Abrupt FHR decreases of at least 15 BPM from baseline that last longer than 2 minutes but less than 10 minutes
Describes the level of of the presenting part (usually the head) in the pelvis. Estimated in centimeters from the level of the ischial spines in the mother's pelvis (0 station). Minus stations are above the ischial spines; positive stations, below.
Strong connective tissue that holds the fetal head bones together
Placenta not delivering enough oxygen to the fetus
Vaginal Birth After Cesarean
Four Components of the Birth Process
Powers - Forces that cause cervix to open & propel fetus through birth canal