Anthropology 1-9-13 Set Two Ethnographic Method Cornerstone of cultural anthropology Method anthropologists primarily use to collect and analyze data Goal is to understand social life (or a particular problem) from the insiders point of view (EMIC perspective), but also for the Methods Establishing rapport Participant observation Interviewing Formal/informal (structured/unstructured) Life Histories Mapping Kinship charting Genealogical studies Photography Doing Fieldwork Choosing a problem site Obtaining funding Preliminary research Arrival and setting settled (?culture shock?) Choosing a place to live Working with unfamiliar languages/customs Building rapport Identifying key consultants Gathering data (using methods) Interpreting data Writing it up When reading Ethnographies, always consider: The theoretical perspective of the researcher How people represent themselves to researcher How the researcher represent him/herself to the people Historical event going on during research Research is affected by: The subject position of the Ethnographer Country of origin (region, Community) Class Race- ethnicity ```Sexual orientation Age Life Experiences There is no such thing as pure, un-biased research because of these Other methods Other qualitative methods Historical research Gathering documents Archives etc. Quantitative Surveys (close-ended questions) Statistical analyses etc. Ethiccs AAA code of Ethics Informed consent very important. Have to tell people your goals and intentions and what you are going to do with the information People can refuse to be part of the study Often let people review the work before it gets published Institutional Review Board (IRB) One at UT To insure that the university will not get in trouble and makes sure that the students and professors are not acting un-ethically. Theoretical Trends (Late 19th/ early 20th century) Cultural evolution Based in very Eurocentric and racist notions. Mostly European and some American anthropologists that believed that societies changed from primitive to civilized. Not very popular Historical particularism Mostly developed in the U.S. with Franz Boaz Based in the belief that all societies had their own historical development Underlying assumption (salvage anthropology) anthropologists had to go out and collect all types of data before they became extinct. Culture changes (evolves) Margret Mead (1928) Coming of Age in Samoa Structural-functionalism Came out of British anthropology Interested in different institutions in society and how they functioned Studied cultural as a bounded isolated group Bronislaw Malinowski (1922) Argonauts of the Western Pacific E.E. Evans-Pritchard (1940) The Nuer Structuralism More concerned with the production of meaning in a culture Looking at ritual, myths, games, etc. Basic elements of humanity and what shapes our consciousness Claude Levi-Strauss (1964/1969) The Raw and the Cooked Theoretical Trends (Mid 20th century to present) Cultural ecology Interpretation/Symbolic Political Economy Many others: Feminist; Post-colonial, etc. Examples of Anthropological Journals American Anthroplogist Human Organization American Ethnologist There is no such thing as pure objectivity because we view any culture through our own cultural lens Cultural anthology is a science and draws upon humanistic views.
Want to see the other 3 page(s) in 1-15-09?JOIN TODAY FOR FREE!