Reading Questions: Hesiod?s Theogony and Damen and Greenwald on Lyric 1. How does Hesiod present himself and his relationship with the Muses at the beginning of his work? How is this similar or different from what we saw in Homer? (N.B. that the first part of the poem is about 100 lines, whereas the invocations to the Muses in the Homeric works were about 10 lines each) What are the benefits, according to Hesiod, of his work (i.e. poetry and song)? 2. How does the Theogony present the beginnings of the world? Does it trouble you that Chaos seems to come into being ex nihilo? What do you think is the significance of placing Eros so early in the tale? What about the preexistence of Night and Gloom before Day? 3. N.B. the role of inter-generational struggles throughout the poem. How does Kronos overcome his father Ouranos? Later, how does Zeus manage to break this cycle? What does the tension between the older generation of gods (the ?Titans?) and the younger generation (the ?Olympians?) seem to represent? How does Zeus overcome but also incorporate the older generation? What are the sources of his power? How are they different from those of the older gods? 4. What does the fire stolen by Prometheus represent? Is his punishment fitting for his transgression? What do we learn from the Pandora episode about the poet?s ideas and (especially) anxieties about women? 5. How does lyric poetry differ from epic, and how is it similar? What kind of imagery and devices does Sappho use in her poetry? Do you think Homer would have appreciated Sappho and Archilochos? Does Archilochos? famously cavalier (and much-imitated in later poets) treatment of his own cowardice have anything in common with Homer? What about Sappho?s depiction of longing and desire?
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