Sound Recording & Music II what effect does digital reproduction have on traditional forms of representation? (e.g., on music?) digital media afford exact copying copying ? part of the art of music sampling = digital sound reproduction breaking down/putting back together easily copied musical format affords transformations e.g., pitch, tempo manipulation addition/subtraction essential for electronic, dance, hip-hop genres quotation reference level of composition minimal transformation sample reproduction level of performance lots of transformation possible *both are forms of recycling and remixing ?Notjustmoreidlechatter? samples a woman?s voice reading a novel creates sounds only possible on computer no performer/performance finds music in everyday sounds just beyond sense: temps us to hear words, meanings uses technology of copying in a novel way, revealing possibilities of reproduction ?Praise You? samples ?Take Yo? Praise? what does it do w it? decontextualized & recontextualized layers of effects issues of race & gender (exploitative?) MK 151: ?Praise You? is both derivative and novel, exploitative and respectful ?Fight the Power? many sources (speech, various genres of music) breaks, loops ostinato (repeated phrase) sources in hip-hop DJing stylistic heterogeneity many rhythms, timbres flaunting quotation (?meta-loop?) ?signifying?: quotation, reproduction MK 156: ?the message cannot be understood without examining the medium, while the nature of the medium is not fully apparent independent of the message? Sampling as an art of transformation? what is originality/why do we value it? what is composition? who is an artist? all culture borrows from and builds on the past new media technologies make copying more central ?The remix is the very nature of the digital? samples mashups (two or more texts combined) examples: -Danger Mouse, The Grey Album (2004) -Girl Talk makes a mashup of Elvis Costello, ?Radio Radio?; -Girl Talk, ?What It?s All About? Feed the Animals (2008) (samples: Beyoncé, DJ Funk, Queen, Beastie Boys, Phil Collins, Busta Rhymes, The Police?)
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