ANTHRO 10/6/09 TEST TUES 13TH ? CH 3, 9, 10 *know ppl, examplesIndians of Peru, high altitudes, Spanish women weren?t getting pregnant, etic perspective ? we knew that their bodies weren?t adapted to the high altitudes South Asians that reside in London ? vitamin D & not enough sun, osteomolosia We use symbols ? open, a given sound ?moss? ?mas? Situation status dependence ? extra linguistic situation Gestures hairstyles body modification ? culture, individual Touching in diff parts is prohibited & unacceptable some places MARRIAGE & KINSHIPtwo basic human universals Anthropologists have had difficulty defining marriage because of all the differencesMONOGAMY ? one spouse onlySERIAL MONOGAMY ? one spouse at a time but many over timePOLYGYNY ? 75% cultures, more than one wife, sororal (sisters) Bobbi Lowe ? evolutionary biologist, interested in stress & how humans adapt to various stressors, disease is one stressor that effects us a lot--deserts in subarctic & arctic climates, monogamy is a rule, however polygyny is very common in tropical environments *disease is most commonly seen in the tropical populations ? no sororal polygyny in places that had most disease **risk of death is 15% greater *when the women aren?t related there is less chance of spreading disease--Incredibly high death rates from measles POLYANDRY ? found only to certain groups, mostly northern India (Sherpa), women with two men usually brothers Fraternal Polyandry ? co-husbands are brothers MOSUAH ? walking marriage, woman decides when she wants to get married, husband literally walks away from woman, community, and any obligations he has for the spouse, and she can marry again & again Marriage is a socially approved right of transition, whereby adults gain intimate access to their spouse Sharing of resources Men do not inherit land ? they walk & if & when they have resources those go back the women, their cash goes to sisters KINSHIPwho can we marry? Ancient Egyptians were so incredibly inbred Arranged marriage ? decided who you will marry at young age MAJOR MARRIAGE ? arrangements made MONOR MARRIAGE ? choice of man & woman to become married because they want to *wolfe said? infidelity & divorce was highest in major marriages Very few marriages between those who were closer RULES that pertain to EXOGAMY marrying outside of your kindred Inherit clanship from either mother or father Ex. Cherokee ? have 7 clans, receive clanship from your mother, father must be from a different one (wolf, deer, bear) Cherokee ? 1827 ? white man Samuel Dent, married to Cherokee woman, abusive man, wife died & Cherokee strongly suspected that Dent was responsible for the death of his Indian wife. He fled & went to savannah Georgia, purchased a slave woman named Molly & returned to the Cherokee he presented woman, she was adopted into Deer Clan, she married white man & had two children ? they are in deer clan CHICKEA ? woman Cherokee bought this woman **3 broad categories of KINSHIP--consanguineal (blood)--affinal kin (related thru marriage)--fictive (fictitious kin) Godparent compadre & comadre compadrazgo ahijado ? child when born clothing supplies health supplies etc & marriage ? not genetically related
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