PSYCH1061_051 (Fall 2009) Quiz #3: 10/14/2009 Page PAGE 2 of NUMPAGES 2 You have 10 minutes to answer the following 10 questions (total of 10 points). No Powerpoint notes or other books are allowed. Select the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Because your score is the number right, be sure to answer every item. Name: ________________________________________________ Xavier was given a list of words as part of a memory test that included: dog, pail, and hate. Later, he recalled these words as: “log, whale, and late.” Xavier’s errors in recall suggest that he had encoded the original word list phonemically.** structurally. semantically. retroactively. When studying for her psychology exam, Amy would read each word from the list of key terms at the end of the chapter, read the definition of the term and then think of an example that illustrated each term. Amy was using the process of _______ to hopefully enhance her memory of the terms. Elaboration** expanded attention retrieval imagery A 1-800 number for a product Ronald was interested in flashed on the television screen. Unfortunately the number disappeared before Ronald was able to write down the last three digits. However, Ronald found he had a momentary mental image of the phone number, and he was able to complete it, even though the number had disappeared. Ronald’s experience BEST illustrates cued recall. sensory memory.** procedural memory. a flashbulb memory. You are absorbed in reading your psychology text when the phone rings. After talking on the phone, you can’t remember the last thing you read. This information was lost from __________ memory, because the phone conversation distracted you from __________ the information. sensory; perceiving short-term; rehearsing** long-term; rehearsing long-term; retrieving Miles has very vivid memories of a car accident he witnessed five years ago. When he closes his eyes and thinks about the accident, he feels as if he can recall every detail of it, right down to the brand name printed on the tires of one of the cars. This type of memory is called sensory memory. procedural memory. a flashbulb memory.** an implicit memory. Maria is trying to recall the names of all 48 of the contiguous United States. She begins by naming the New England states, followed by the mid-Atlantic states, the states in the Southeast, the Midwest, the Southwest, and finally the states in the Pacific Northwest. Maria’s pattern of recall illustrates the concept of the primacy effect. levels-of-processing. the serial-position effect. clustering.** Brock was describing the inside of his doctor’s office to one of his friends. In his description he mentions that there were two diplomas on the wall, even though this doctor does not have any diplomas displayed on the wall. Brock’s error in recall illustrates the role of semantic networks in long-term memory. the need for conceptual hierarchies in long-term memory. the need for a good executive control system in short-term memory. the role of schemas in long-term memory.** Three friends are having a discussion about taxes, but the conversation is soon sidetracked as different statements bring up related ideas. The conversation drifts from taxes, to politicians, to the election, to fund raising. This shift in the focus of the conversation is consistent with Collins and Loftus’ theory of prospective memory processes. spreading activation within a semantic network.** schema-based recall of information. mood-congruent memory. A visit to your elementary classroom might help you remember more of the names of some of your classmates because you are using the serial position effect. relying on a flashbulb memory. in the same context as you were when you learned them.** relying on schemas to enhance the retrieval process. Tyler witnessed an automobile accident and heard one of the bystanders casually mention that the driver was probably intoxicated. Even though the driver had not been drinking, and had never crossed the center line, Tyler tells the police officer who is investigating the accident that the car had been “weaving all over the road.” Tyler’s faulty recall illustrates proactive interference. implicit memory readjustment. the misinformation effect.** mood-dependent memory.