9/28/10 9:33 AM Know anatomy and physiology of earlabel diagram if you saw it and know what those structures do Pitch frequency loudness intensity Know period hertz, how many hertz on a diagram Know behaviorial and objective tests in audiology Hearing thresholds for normal/disordered Speech and language development Phonological system, 40 phonemes IPA ? international phonetic alphabet Articulation disorder/phonological Etiology and Subtypes of phonological disorders Unknown origin Small phonemic inventory Phoneme collapse Tawt I taw a puddy tat persisten error patterns unintelligibility :degree to which the speaker Otitis mediw with effusion (ome) Same characteristis as iunknown subtype Cant hear clearly or at all--- auditory deprivation: lack of audio input Fluid in ears Distorted input -> to poor Structural/ Organic abnormalities Structural defects Teeth: poor positioning/mssing Tongue: too small/big, cancer patients Lips and palate: clefts Cleft problems with valvoing and pressure consonant distortion small inventory Dialect V Accent Accent Phonetic traits of ones native language carried over the second language Using one language with rules.sounds of another Pepe le pew Accent modification program Dialect: ( if ur from Georgia and move to CT) When once production of particular sound sin a primary language is inluenced by the enironment in which you live A dialect has formal rules of production Specific form of pronunciation and vocabulary used in a given geographical area, culture or education What is a dialectical difference and what is a disorder ( by comparing people with their cultures/groups) Dialects and accents are infl;uences on articulation NOT DISORDERS Assesment Presence of disorder Etiology Affected sounds Treatment Oral mechanism screening ( screening of articulators to determine their integrity Spontaneous speech sample Why? ? may have errors in all systems Formal test of articulation Evaluate all sound s in native languages Standard tests ? compare score to average peer Informal test: stimulability Exten child can produe new sound with help Can target be produced by cues? How old is hse? 5 What diorders does she have? - down syndrome How does she compare to same age peers? - discipline, languagewise, how? She is delayed, What sounds does she have difficulty with/ - if placement is off for her S, maybe it is for her Z What soundsdoes she produce fairly will - B What are some influencesfactors affecting her speech development ? delayed language development, oprhanges? Not getting a lot of simulation , is a second language learner- Language development and disorders Whats language again? Shared code Symbolic Arbitrary Modalities - ( can be used in writing gesturing etc) Expressive language : encoding ? language related to speech Reading outloud , singing , formulating a sentence Receptive language: decoding Listening to story, watching movie, Rule-governed - Need to learn these rules to function succesfully Meaning of words and word combinations (Symantics) Internal organization of sentences (syntax) Internal organization of words(morphology Sounds to make syllables and words (phonology) Use of language (Pragmatics) English speaker -> (bathroom) english listener - share the same codeEnglish speaker says bathroom Spanish listener -> doesn?t share code (communication breakdown) Symbol : representation of something else Referent: what the symboles refers to Language: arbitrary symbols No necessary or absolute connection between symbols and their referents Domains of language CHARTlanguage Form Phonology Morpohology Syntax Content Semantics Use pragmatics
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