Reading Questions, Eumenides and Pericles? Funeral Oration 1. What is the state of Orestes at the opening of the Eumenides? Why does Apollo protect him from the furies? How does Apollo handle the furies once they awaken? Are his rebukes justified? What is the point, from Apollo?s perspective, of sending Orestes to Athens and to Athena? 2. What occurs once the play shifts to Athens? Why does Athena abstain from making a judgment on the matter before her? 3. What do you think of the exchange in the courtroom? How does Apollo defend his actions? How does Orestes? What is the purpose of Athena?s instructions to the jury (from 794 on)? What is the basis of Athena?s decision to favor Orestes? side? Is this surprising to you? Why? 4. Athena makes the furies ?an offer they can?t refuse:? what is the nature of this offer, and why does it ultimately succeed? Is the sudden reversal of the furies? intransigent rage believable? Are the furies really changed in nature by their new status? How does this play tie in with current Athenian political and religious practice? 5. What are the main concerns and themes of the funeral speech of Pericles as reported by Thucydides? Bear in mind that, unlike Herodotus, Thucydides is himself an Athenian, though a somewhat jaded one. What are the qualities of the Athenian state that he praises most highly? 6. What kind of advice does Pericles give to the survivors?men and women, old and young?t the close of his speech? What social and ethical values are encoded in this advice? Does Pericles succeed, in your opinion, in his task of honoring the dead? What have they died defending?
Want to see the other 1 page(s) in 11-10-09 Reading Questions.doc?JOIN TODAY FOR FREE!