The people are qualified to directly participate in government. Fanon rejects elitism (populist), and believes that 3rd world are fully qualified to participate in public affairs and have the intellectual ability to govern themselves and are supposed to be self-ruling.
Who are “the people”?
Indigenous peasantry and lumpen-proletariat (De. “rag,” “rogue”) are revolutionary.: The people in developing countries are going to be indigenous peasantry, living a mostly traditional way of live. They are going to tend towards decolonization which is based in their way of lif
Who are “the (pseudo-)elites”
Indigenous bourgeoisie and the proletariat are conservative.: The elites are the 1% and their elite status is based on wealth and those in government.
Marx claimed the proletariat alone are revolutionary. Fanon claims they are not.:
Fanon claims that the people need to be practically educated by the better educated.:
The people = the masses can understand if intellectuals want to communicate
Leaders should “drive home” the idea that independence depends on the masses.:
Leaders and the people should “drive” one another, Fanon believes that a leader should conduct the masses to drive and direct.
A nationalism that does not lead to socio-political consciousness is a dead-end
Public work is a mental activity, a taking public “ownership,” e.g. building a bridge, Laborers need to be in control of their labor process.
Citizenship is not a status, but active participation in the collectivity, e.g. military service. What makes someone a national is what you do and how you are. Citizen ship is a participation.
Youth programs & sports can also expand consciousness. : Fanon says youth are the future. Every generation needs to find its mission and something die for.
Frantz Fanon is an authority on de-colonization and post-colonialism.:
“To decolonize X” is a key demand of global southern radicals. The idea is that neocolonialism is not over yet.: The idea that the colonizer colonized makes sense for their lives and political struggles and basically the decolonial politics.
“Post-colonialism” seeks to repurpose and surpass Western ideas/institutions : Post colonial studies, the idea that Westerns institutions and ideas have to be repurposed or surpassed and will bring humanity to the next phase.