is a limited one where you found a constitutional gov’t. You found a constitutional order.
Totalitarianism is the danger of her time/place. It is thoughtless and rules through terror.: She considered Totalitarianism the greatest threat to the West. She also thought they didn’t just use violence. They have some form of violence backing them up. The totalitarian regimes use terror. It elevates random violence.
Arendt’s project is to “save” revolutionary politics from totalitarian tendencies.: Totalitarianism starts as revolutionary social movements. It brings an entirely new society not limited to gov’t, everything will change at once and brings a new form of human beings to which the likes you’ve never seen before.
Arendt returns to French and American Revolutions. Early Modern revolutions aimed:
To make a constitution… to set up a new form of government (cf. Locke): This is the proper aim and endpoint of a revolution.
For the sake of freedom, ongoing participation after the revolution (cf. Fanon): The point of the revolution is to keep the public spirit that you saw during the revolutionary period and to make that form of self governance permanent.
Arendt says revolutionary war ≠ revolution proper.:
Revolutionary war aims at “liberation”; it is a tearing down of oppression and tyranny.: If somebody is oppressing you, then it doesn’t matter if they’re trying to justify their rule and violence in a way that incontestable. It frees you from an oppressive force.
Revolution proper aims at “freedom”; it is a building up and sustaining of self-government.:
Arendt is trying to separate politics and violence—to heroize politics, not violence.
Politics and violence are not the same thing.
Violence = instrumental = it serve many purposes. It is coercive by nature.
Politics = freedom = deliberation and decision-making. It is persuasive by nature.