Fanon argues that Marxism must be reworked to analyze colonialism. Marxism is too “Eurocentric.”
Marx assumes one line of development. Fanon says the 3rd world must “skip” capitalism, take its own route.
3rd world socialism is Fanon’s solution to underdevelopment. Fanon is broadly socialist. Fanon believes that socialism has more to offer than capitalism does.
Fanon stretches marxism to account for how class structures differ in the 1st and 3rd worlds.
Fanon believes Classes have different abilities and different functions depending on industrialized or developing world.
1st world bourgeoisie is productive. It built upon this productive power under feudalism. It advanced liberal-democratic institutions and values.:They created a new mode of production and a new capitalist world.
3rd world bourgeoisie is parasitic. It emerged under colonial conditions. It is a capitalist class without capital: civil service, service sector, land owning.: Fanon thinks the 3rd world bourgeoisie has not been able to create a new mode of production.
The new bourgeoisie establishes neo-colonial relations with the former colonial power.:
The 3rd world bourgeoisie has something to lose. It plays intermediary to 1st world firms and banks.
All out of ideas, the national bourgeoisie sets up an pre-modern, tourist, and extractivist economy (you extract the welath and somebody else benefits from it).
Neo-Colonialism signals the failure of
Decolonization, also signals the limits of nationalist politics.
A new national unity is fragile. Unity can be undone by colonial era regional and religious divisions.
The national bourgeoisie’s “identity-politics” is fear ridden. Fanon is their harshest critic.: The 3rd world is responsible for derailing the revolution.
The post-independence state devolves into one-party, ____
The neocolonial state reminds everyone of its legacy. It infantilizes, monitors, and disciplines the populace.
The post-colonial nation could express popular aspirations. The post-colonial state needs to decentralize. Fanon is very nervous about the possibility of the state becoming a mega-state and the people would become immobilized and become a bureaucratic nation