Psychology Notes Chapter 13 Therapeutic approaches insight-oriented psychological well-being = self-understanding If you understand the problem, the problem goes away. relationship-focused mental health = internal balance + healthy relationships feeling good is about having good relationships behavioral maladaptive behaviors = faulty learning symptom = disorder cognitive dysfunction = irrational thoughts, beliefs & ideas You have some belief, and you operate on that belief. [I need to be perfect?.] Insight-oriented approaches Psychodynamic therapies (Freud, et al.) traditional psychoanalysis All therapy is not psychoanalysis. You address it and you get better. Ego guards unconscious stuff. resistance free association, dream analysis & ?Freudian slips? transference modern psychodynamic approaches You have to make unconscious stuff conscious. Humanistic therapies (Rogers, et al.) Positive view of person. non-directive approach Person already has what they need to get better but they get the right environment. Giving person what they need to grow, unconditional positive regard, to reach self actualization. empathy, genuineness & unconditional positive regard Gestalt therapy (Perls)- Different than ROGERS! directive approach He is very blunt as far as what the problem is. Calls you on what you?re doing wrong. Honest with yourself and others. role-playing & the ?empty chair?- client sits down across from an empty chair and imagines it?s the person who you have issues with and tell them what your problem is. Relationship-focused approaches interpersonal therapy Generally used for depression. brief, focused approach for depression primarily for . . . loss of a loved one role disputes role transitions social deficits struggle with relationships. Benefit because Focus is about working on those deficits. family / couples therapies [least successful therapy] How do they differ from individual therapies? group therapy theme / focus groups People with similar experiences. process groups Bring people in who are having a psychological issues self-help groups Behavioral approaches operant(behavior modification) techniques reward, punishment & extinction-Inc or Deccreases. token economies time out-becomes extinct you have learned maladaptive behaviors that are causing problems in life. classical conditioning techniques- fixing phobias. systematic desensitization (Wolpe) flooding flooding the person with the feared object. Confront it directly. exposure & response prevention expose person to the fear at the core of the obsession but prevent them to act on the compulsion. aversion therapy classical conditioning with some operant. Antibuse- voluntary treatment that you give people who are trying to stop drinking. Classical because nausea+alcohol=repulsion. participant modeling (Bandura) showing someone who is afraid of snakes someone else who is dealing with a snake. Cognitive approaches rational-emotive therapy (Ellis)- mostly used with depression and anxiety. breaking the cycle of irrational beliefs Interpretation of event effects the emotions. A ?activating event Bad grade on a test B ?belief Never going to get into grad school. C ?emotional consequence Then you get depressed. cognitive therapy (Beck) altering negative(automatic thoughts Teach them to not be so negative and so dramatic.
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