Anthro 130-11.4 OUTLINE - shamanism - definitions: based on the premise that the visible world is directly affected by invisible things. He/she alters his/her consciousness to abtain knowledge and power from the supernatural to affect other members of his/her group. Not always for good. - common attributes: people of high power and status 1. spirits exsist and play a part in day to day life 2. shaman can communicate with spirits 3. good or bad spirits 4. can treat sickness 5. uses trance techniques 6. shaman spirit can leave the body to enter the supernatural world. 7. uses animals as guides - initiation and training: inherit the role, you are born into it. ?Call to Shamanize?; you get a calling. In some cultures, shamans are considered to be crazy. Shamanic illness (initiation): can be thought of as a rite of passage that is observed among those that become shamans. Usually there is an episode of confused and disturbed behavior. Commonly, it is singing and dancing, which means that they are disturbed by the spirits. These are not considered to be signs of mental illness, it as viewed that the person is meant to take the position of shaman. In many societies, males are the shaman, but in some cultures, females are the preferred shaman. - practices: Shamans have to know diagnosis and treatment of illness. The most common is how to work with the spirits. In many cases, you supervise sacred rituals, interpret dreams and predict the weather. Putting themselves under hypnosis, drugs Techniques: medicinal plants, they use psychology - in modern societies: - discussion of readings, S&M 27-30
Want to see the other 1 page(s) in 130-11.4 outline.doc?JOIN TODAY FOR FREE!