Briefly outline the distinction between sociological and psychological approaches to understanding crime.
A sociologist would look at groups of people, societal structures, similarities in bhvr, all from a macro view. Whereas a Ψ would look at individuals, their personalities and biological make ups, variations in bhvr, how we are different and how we th
If science cannot answer moral questions, how can it inform moral debates?
Science is unable to answer moral questions as morality is socially constructed, ignores moral consequences, political correctness, it is also ever changing. Science can however inform moral debate by drawing upon empirical evidence.
Briefly describe the Freewill/determinism debate as it applies to criminal behaviour.
The debate is whether or not people choose everything they do (free will) or if everything a person does is due to other causes (determinism). Often determinism is mistakenly taken to mean that we have no mind of our own i.e. it's genes or childhood
Briefly describe the nature/nurture debate as it applies to criminal behaviour.
This debate is whether or not peoples' behaviour is determined by biological (nature) or environmental (nurture) factors. The debate has gone in and out of fashion throughout the years. It was initially proposed prior to knowledge about genes. Curren
Briefly describe the normal/pathological debate as it applies to criminal behaviour.
This debate looks at those that are not considered normal or in the majority. According to the debate anything not normal is pathological; it does not use the DSM-IV-TR definition. For example criminals are a minority and therefore pathological; alon
Briefly describe the person/situation debate as it applies to criminal behaviour.
Both situational and personal variables are likely to affect whether a person commits a criminal act. Although the potential to commit a crime is everywhere, opportunity is required. For example there are houses everywhere (potential for crime), howe
What is the belief in the 'noble savage'? Does it accurately account for differences in industrial and pre-industrial societi
The noble savage is the belief that if man is good in his natural state; that modern society makes people bad. However studies have shown that this is not true, pre-industrialised (60%) societies had much higher rates of deaths due to aggression, tha
What is the naturalistic fallacy and why is it a fallacy.
Naturalistic is the belief that all things natural must be good. The fault with this is that not all natural things are good. For example cancer is natural, and yet it is not a good thing.
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