Which of the following nutrients is most important to human bodies? Vitamins Water Minerals Protein Which of the following causes of death is not nutrition related? Respiratory disease Diabetes Heart Disease Cancer Which of the following is a macronutrient? Water Vitamins Fats Minerals Which of the following is a micronutrient? Water Fats Carbohydrates Vitamins Protein Correlation proves causation. True False The gold standard group of a controlled experiment proving cause and effect is referred to as: The double-blind group The blind group The control group The treatment group When obtaining information on the Internet, which would be the most reliable? Nutritionist Certified Nutritionist Registered Dietitian They are all equally reliable Jane, who weighs 120 pounds, is sitting in a university snack bar cramming for a nutrition test. She has eaten two brownies and is now ordering a medium pizza. Which of the following probably most affects the way Jane is eating? Advertising Habit Culture Emotions Which of the following health problems is probably most affected by nutrition? Blood poisoning Heart Disease High blood pressure Kidney disease Which of the following can affect your long term health? Chronic deficiencies of nutrients Chronic excesses of nutrients Imbalances of nutrients All of the above According to the Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Range, what % if your diet should be carbohydrates? 20-35% 45-65% 10-40% None of the above According to the Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Range, what % if your diet should be Fats? 10-35% 35-65% 10-40% None of the above Which of the following health claims is most likely to be used by the supplement industry? Authorized health claim Qualified health claim Health claim based on authoritative statements Structure function claim According to Mypyramid, which of the following foods would be considered low in nutrient density? Pasta Fruit flavored drinks Nonfat yogurt Lean meat By law, in what order are ingredients listed on a food label? Alphabetical Random Liquids first than solids Descending order by weight According to the USDA food guide pyramid, ___________% of food intake should be plant origin. 10% 25% 35% 75% Vegetarian meat substitutes that are high in carbohydrate, protein, and fiber, while being low in fat and cost are. Pecans Peas and Beans Yogurt Bean sprouts Plant foods that reduce the risk of disease may contain: Zoo chemicals Phytochemicals Fiber, a non-digested compound important to GI motility is available in: Whole grain cereals and breads Fruits and Vegetables Lean meats Low fat milks A&B both Supplements are just as safe and effective as foods. True False The tube that conducts food past the diaphragm from the mouth to the stomach is the: Epiglottis Trachea Esophagus Common duct The majority of absorption occurs in the : Mouth Stomach Small intestine Large intestine Sodium bicarbonate is secreted by the _____________________ and functions to ____________________. Stomach; activate enzymes Pancreas; neutralize stomach acid Liver; regulate digestive activity Gallbladder; emulsify fats The _______________ produces bile and the _____________________ stores it. Pancreas; bladder Gallbladder; pancreas Liver; gallbladder Gallbladder; emulsify fats During digestion, blood picks up carbohydrates and amino acids and transports them to the ______________ first. Liver Heart Brain Lungs During digestion, lymph picks up fats and transports them to the __________________. Liver Heart Brain Lungs Mucosal damage cause by gluten in foods is called: GERD Celiac disease Gallstones Irritable bowel syndrome Kim is constipated and asks for advice from her Doctor. Which would not be appropriate advice? Drink less fluids Exercise more Eat more fiber Us a stool-softener A nutrient that requires both energy and a carrier to cross a membrane is moving by: Simple diffusion Facilitated diffusion Active Transport Exercise can power the lymph system circulation. True False What is the function of glycogen? To provide energy storage in plants To provide energy when the energy from your last meal runs out To lower blood glucose levels As a structural component in cell membranes Which of the following is not a polysaccharide? Starch Friber Glycogen Galactose Which of the following does not contain dietary fiber? Milk Salmon Carrots Whole grains A&B People with a deficiency of lactase cannot properly digest: Malt Table sugar Milk sugar Wheat proteins Joe skipped breakfast today. He is sitting in class taking a test. Where is he getting the energy that his brain needs to do well on the Exam? From stored Fat From muscle protein From muscle and liver glycogen People on low-carbohydrate diets are often in ketosis because: They eat too much carbohydrate They eat too little fat They have incomplete fat breakdown They lack dietary fiber Which of the following table sugar statements is true? Sugar causes hyperactivity in children Sugar contributes to dental cavities Sugar causes diabetes Sugar is nutrient dense If poorly managed, diabetes can increase the likelihood of: Blindness Kidney disease Circulatory problems All of the above are possible When blood sugar levels rise above normal, ____________________ helps the sugar enter the cells where it is used for energy or stored. Glucagon Insulin Glycogen When blood sugar levels drop below normal, ____________________ helps the sugar come from the cells to enter the blood. Glucagon Insulin Glycogen The most common form of fats in our bodies and our foods is _____________________. Sterols Phospholipids Triglycerides Trans Fats Which of the following are most common in our cell membranes? Sterols Phospholipids Triglycerides Trans Fats The two essential fatty acids are ____________________ and ______________________. Monoglycerides and diglycerides Linoleic and linoleic acids Cholestrol and trans fatty acids PUFA and MUFA fatty acids Which of the following lipoproteins are considered heart healthy? Chylomicrons VLDL LDL HDL Which of the following lipoproteins are considered lethal to heart health in large amounts? Chylomicrons VLDL LDL HDL Which of the following is a precursor for estrogen, testosterone and bile? Cholestrol Linoleic acid Eiconsanoids Saturated fats The worst type of fat for health is: Monounsaturated fats Polyunsaturated fats Saturated fats Trans fats Which of the following foods does not contain cholesterol? Eggs Tuna Yogurt Peanut butter A clustering of risk factors that raises the risk for heart disease is referred to as: Metabolic acidosis Metabolic syndrome Metabolic sepsis Metabolic alkalosis All of the following can raise HDL and lower LDL except: Loosing excess fat Quitting smoking Engaging in regular exercise Eating trans and saturated fats Kellie Nolen Exam One NUTR202 Spring 2010 1 ANSWER KEY (exam one: white) B A C D B A C D B D B D D B D D B B E B C C B C A B B A C A B D E C C C B D B A C B B D C A D D B D
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