20100430 ? CA372 Malcolm X videos Black Nationalism as a political, economic, and social philosophy: controlling their own destiny debate-style: ?democracy is hypocrisy? The Problem: White Racism The Solution Rejects civil rights movement Moral Appeal Integration Nonviolence Coalition with whites Affirms black nationalism Political Economic Social Racial separation Racial pride Retaliatory violence Civil rights to human rights The Legacy of Malcolm X he was hated in his time?stood on the sidelines during the nonviolent civil rights movement he was an agitator he jeered it, critical of its leaders as much as he was of whites house negroes vs. field negroes King was a negotiator, understood he could almost never get a whole loaf, had to have compromise Malcolm didn?t have these restrictions?left a legacy of words rather than deeds at the time Malcolm X?s words weren?t used in public discourse Black Panther comment on Malcolm X: ?He was the first black man ? to make a real attempt to get the white man?s fist off the black man?s back.? Responsible for the new militancy that started in 1965?said aloud the things Negroes had been saying amongst themselves, even the things they were afraid to say to each other. Clear uncomplicated words cut through the chains on black minds like a blowtorch. eventual acceptance of his words they were outside the mainstream at the time and made people very uncomfortable, but now they are much more widely accepted and wholly mainstream Jesse Jackson: Development of a Race Leader Upbringing and Education (1941-1963) his appeal cut across racial boundaries moreso than leaders before him prime was in the 80?s and 90?s, has been eclipsed by Obama but he is still an important historical figure excellent athlete and student, got a football scholarship but was not allowed to be a quarterback so he left and went to an all-black college organized sit-ins in Greensborough NC attended Chicago Seminary but did not receive a degree, instead went to work with the SCLC Civil Rights Activist (1963-1973) 1966 chosen to head Chicago region of Bread Basket, SCLC organization not a great job, not popular among King?s followers he was seen as too ambitious and focused on his own advancement ended up turning the appointment into a great national success Was with King when he was assassinated famous picture of Jackson there the day before King was shot was accused of using that association to increase his own public standing Left the SCLC after King?s death, founded Push ?Push for more rights??became a thriving organization themes of racial progress based on pride, excellence and self-help encouraged kids to stay in school, stay away from crime, drugs and alcohol Emergence as a National Figure (1973-1983) began to move away from just racial issues world tour?talking about disarmament and world hunger Presidential Candidate (1983-1988) first credible black candidate key link between the civil rights movement and Obama?s election?he is a transitional figure that bridged the gap of the general public thinking positively about blacks in high office no one gave him a chance to win, or to even get the nomination first campaign wasn?t well organized, but when people heard him they responded powerfully won 21% of the Democratic primary vote in 1984 went to the convention as the third place candidate got a prime-time speaking slot Rainbow Coalition speech most-watched speech of the convention Ran again in 1988 typecast as the token black candidate and not expected to have wide appeal ended up as the second-place candidate running up to Dukakis stunning achievement followed up by another famous speech (read for Monday) in the top 100 speeches of the 20th century helped register thousands of black voters foundation that led to future black candidate success African-American Spokesman (1989-present) took on a number of issues black issues and education seeking more leadership and coaching positions for blacks in college and professional sports had a child out of wedlock damaged his moral standing transitional figure tears of joy at Obama?s election celebration he was not standing behind Obama?marks a generational gap Preaching Politics: Jackson as Orator
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